Terms in this set (66)
What dose a revolution change
It changes a whole way of life and by the way work is done
The period of great change in the way people worked and lived
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?
Great Britain in the eighteenth century
What countries did the industrial revolution first spreed to
Western Europe and the United States. Hardly a corner of the globe was affected by it
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
What was one good thing that the industrial revolution brought
It brought a better life to people, wealth, and more comfortable lives for many
What is one bad thing that the industrial revolution brought
Hard and sometimes dangerous work
What helped set the stage for the industrial revolution
In the 1700s agriculture became
Not only a way of life but also a profitable business
What led to the rise of agricultural products
People lived in cities and were dependent on food supplies grown by farmers
The whole system of framing had changed from the
Machine invented by Cyrus McCormick that could harvest wheat quickly
Owners of large manors turned farmlands into pastures which they enclosed with fences
Why would framers work for low wages
Because then enclosure movement forced them to leave so they needed a job ASAP
The industrial revolution came about because
Of the use of new sources of energy or power
What supplied the energy needed for new machines
Rivers and streams
The flying shuttle
Invented by John Kay, this sped up the weaving process in 1733.
The spinning Jenny
Invented by James Hargreaves, this sped up the weaving process in 1764
What was one thing the flying shuttle and the spinning Jenny
Both were hand operated
invented by Richard Arkwright in 1768 turned by water power
invented by Edward Cartwright , workers were able to produce more cloth a day then ever before
place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It removed seeds from cotton fibers. Now cotton could be processed quickly and cheaply.
This machine could clean how many pounds of cotton per day
Invented by James Watt were used in the 1700s
What were steam engines used for?
To pump water out of British coal mines
Why were factories near water
Because water was a main source of power
The steam engine made it possible to
Have energy anywhere at anytime
When the stem engine came out people no longer
Had to depend on animal or wind power to get from place to place
separate iron from the impurities from the metal
The Bessemer process was a method for producing
Steel from iron
invented by Samuel Morse in 1844
invented by Alexander Graham Bell
The practice of having workers use machines at factories instead of working at home or in Small workshops
Rundown building with small apartments
Charles Dickens hard times
1854. The book appraises English society and is aimed at highlighting the social and economic pressures of the times.
Where did the boys work
Mines or other hard industry
Where did the woman work
Textile mills or as Servants
Michel. Thomas Sadler what did he form
He formed a committee to investigate the lives of children who worked in textile mills
In 1833 the law stated the children
Under the age of nine cannot work though are also limited the working hours of children
What was the poem that Thomas Hood wrote about
The working conditions of grown woman, the hours under terrible conditions, and that woman got lower paid then men
What was one reason why the industrial revolution was spreading slope from great Britain to the European continent
One reason was the turmoil and destruction caused by the French revolution and the Napoleonic wars
How did the Napoleonic wars affect the industrialization of France
The Napoleonic war disturbed The country system ofcommunication and transportation. The trade of France had fallen greatly
An economic system in which people in Lynn, factories, and other means of production. They compete with one another to produce goods and services for profit
Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economics. Seen today as the father of Capitalism. Wrote On the Wealth of Nations (1776) One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment.
A system in which a nation's wealth is shared among all its citizens
What did Karl Marx believe?
Karl Marx believed that socialism could end the struggle between the rich and the poor
What did Robert Owen believe in
Robert Owen believed in cooperation among classes of people.
An organization of workers whose aim it is to improve wages and working conditions
This belief in rule by Blake made that no one could change his/or her authority
Church of England
Church created in England as a result of a political dispute between Henry VIII and the Pope, Pope would not let Henry divorce his wife
broke away from the Church because the Pope would not annull his marriage with Catherine
It was because of her that England reached A period of great achievements
The Golden age
period of great cultural achievement
English bill of rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
Complete change in the way the country is governed placed without any bloodshed
King of France (r.1774-1792 CE). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
Ivan the Terrible (his nickname) reflected problems that tsars faced as power increased
Ivan III the Great (his nickname) reflected the impact he made by extending the borders and a strong government
A Russian emperor
Peter the Great
czar of Russia who introduced ideas from western Europe to reform the government
a large fleet of ships
Ferdinand and Isabella
The king and queen of Spain who gave Columbus the funds that he needed to find a route to Asia.
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