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Influences on the development of American Musical Theater
Opera and Operetta
Vaudeville and Burlesque
How Greek Chorus is like today's Musical Theater Chorus
both provide exposition, foreshadowing and reflect the audience's emotion
Origin of Opera
Italians thought they were recreating classics of Greek times set of music like the Greeks had
Gilbert and Sullivan
Operetta - British team that wrote light-hearted song and dance/story format with spoken dialogue
Invented patter songs
George M. Cohan
first great American song-and-dance man from vaudeville who wrote earliest American musicals
first American book musical
performers on MS showboat displaying all taboos
deals with racism, mixed marriage and marital abandonment
Tin Pan Alley
Collection of NYC music publishers and songwriters who dominated popular music. Located on West 28th Street between Broadway and Sixth Avenue
an audience-pleasing combination of creative spectacle, topical comedy and beautiful girls, musical revue
In 1893 Ziegfeld's father opened this nightclub with mix of classical music and variety acts. When it was failing, Florenz booked strongman Eugene Sandow and staged massive publicity campaign
Ziegfeld met and eventually married Billie Burke. (She starred as Glinda the Good Witch in The Wizard of Oz) in 1914. Burke remained faithful to Ziegfeld till his death in 1932, in spite of his continuous philandering.
musical revues with comic sketches, songs/dances, and lavish spectacles. This combination is part of the musical tradition
musical revues that featured multiple musical standards
wrote quintessentially American songs ("Puttin' on the Ritz," "God Bless America," and "There's no Business like Show Business")
Golden Age of Broadway Musicals
1940s to 1960s - era of great book musicals
comedy took a step towards maturity
song-and-dance production was equipped with "living characters behaving like human beings"
Rodgers and Hammerstein
greatest composer/lyricist duo in US musical history
"Oklahoma," "Carousel," "Sound of Music," "The King and I," "South Pacific," etc.)
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