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27 terms

theater 5

STUDY
PLAY
Influences on the development of American Musical Theater
Greek Chorus
Opera and Operetta
Vaudeville and Burlesque
How Greek Chorus is like today's Musical Theater Chorus
both provide exposition, foreshadowing and reflect the audience's emotion
Origin of Opera
Italians thought they were recreating classics of Greek times set of music like the Greeks had
recitative
sung dialogue/dialogue spoken on pitch (becomes dialogue later on)
aria
extended portions of score that are sung (becomes musical standards later on)
the Black Crook
first "accidental musical" in 1866
Gilbert and Sullivan
Operetta - British team that wrote light-hearted song and dance/story format with spoken dialogue
Invented patter songs
George M. Cohan
first great American song-and-dance man from vaudeville who wrote earliest American musicals
performance style developed by Cohan
athletic performance style
structure invented by Cohan
AABA
Cohan's most famous songs
Yankee Doodle Dandy
Give My Regards to Broadway
Showboat 1927
first American book musical
performers on MS showboat displaying all taboos
deals with racism, mixed marriage and marital abandonment
Tin Pan Alley
Collection of NYC music publishers and songwriters who dominated popular music. Located on West 28th Street between Broadway and Sixth Avenue
Book Musical
narrative driven, strong story and characters
Concept Musical
theme or idea driven - atmosphere more important than plot
Ziegfeld Follies
an audience-pleasing combination of creative spectacle, topical comedy and beautiful girls, musical revue
Eugene Sandow
In 1893 Ziegfeld's father opened this nightclub with mix of classical music and variety acts. When it was failing, Florenz booked strongman Eugene Sandow and staged massive publicity campaign
Billie Burke
Ziegfeld met and eventually married Billie Burke. (She starred as Glinda the Good Witch in The Wizard of Oz) in 1914. Burke remained faithful to Ziegfeld till his death in 1932, in spite of his continuous philandering.
Ziegfeld's legacy
musical revues with comic sketches, songs/dances, and lavish spectacles. This combination is part of the musical tradition
Irving Berlin's music
social barometer for much of 20th century America
How Irving Berlin started out
worked odd jobs in Tin Pan Alley, then as a lyricist for a music firm
Berlin's unique musical technique
self-taught
only played the black keys
Berlin's legacy
musical revues that featured multiple musical standards
wrote quintessentially American songs ("Puttin' on the Ritz," "God Bless America," and "There's no Business like Show Business")
Cole Porter's changes
set new standards for sophistication and wit - made theater safe for sex
Golden Age of Broadway Musicals
1940s to 1960s - era of great book musicals
comedy took a step towards maturity
song-and-dance production was equipped with "living characters behaving like human beings"
Rodgers and Hammerstein
greatest composer/lyricist duo in US musical history
"Oklahoma," "Carousel," "Sound of Music," "The King and I," "South Pacific," etc.)
Stephen Sondheim and Hammerstein
Sondheim was friends with Hammerstein's son, Hammerstein became a father figure and gave him an apprenticeship