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125 terms

Illinois State Constitution Test

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1818
When did Illinois become a state?
Kaskaskia
First state capital
Vandalia
Second state capital
Springfield
Current capital
4
How many constitutions has Illinois had?
1970
Year the present constitution was adopted?
10
How many amendments have been added?
Bill of Rights
Article I of the constitution
24
Number of articles in Article I
Powers of the State
What is article II?
Separation of Powers
Section 1 of Article II
Powers of Government
Section 2 of Article II
Suffrage and Elections
What is article III?
18, Permanent Resident for 30+ Days, U.S. Citizen
Three requirements to vote
Convicted Felon
Being a _________ ____________ disqualifies you from voting.
Every Even Number Year
How often does the general election take place?
The Legislature
What is article IV?
General Assembly
Name of the Legislative body?
Make Laws
Main duty of the legislative body?
Senate and House of Representatives
Two houses of the general assembly?
Legislative Districts
Name of the districts that state senators are elected from?
59
Number of legislative districts?
1
How many state senators from each district?
2 or 4 Years
Term for a senator?
Representative Districts
Name of the districts representatives are elected from?
Population
What are districts based on?
118
Number of representative districts in Illinois?
1
Number of reps from each district?
2 Years
Term for reps?
21, Citizen of District for 2 Years Prior to Election, U.S. Citizen
Qualifications to be part of the general assembly?
Compact, Contiguous, Equal in Population
Three characteristics of a district?
General Election
How are senators and reps elected?
2 Years
How long is a term of the general assembly?
1
How often must the general assembly meet per term?
The Governor
Who can call a special session of the General Assembly?
Senate President
Presiding officer of the senate?
Chosen by Senators
How is the Senate President chosen?
Speaker of the House
Presiding officer of the House?
Reps Choose
How is the Speaker chosen?
Either House
Where must all bills originate before they become law?
A Majority
What vote is needed in a house before it is sent to the other one?
30 Days
How long does the general assembly have to present the bill to the governor after passing a bill?
It Becomes Law
What happens to a bill when it is signed by the Governor?
Goes Back to the General Assembly
What happens to a bill if it is vetoed by the Governor?
Item Veto
Vetoing a Section of a Bill
Money
What kind of bill is an item veto used on?
Amendatory Veto
Returning a bill in amended form
3/5
Vote needed by the general assembly to override a veto?
15 Days
How long does the general assembly have to override a bill vetoed by the governor?
Legislative Immunity
Protects legislatures from liability in a civil lawsuit for duties performed with office jurisdiction.
House Impeaches, Senate Convicts
Two steps/houses of the impeachment process?
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Who presides over impeachment trial of a Governor?
2/3 Vote by Senate
What vote by whom is needed to convict an impeachment?
Executive
Article V
Enforce Laws
Official duty of exec branch?
Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller/Treasurer
Six officers of the exec branch?
General Election
How are exec officers elected?
Joint Election
Governor/Lieutenant Governor on the same ticket?
4 Years
Term for exec officers?
US Citizen, 25 Years Old, Resident of State for 3 years prior
Qualifications to be exec officer?
Governor Appoints
How are vacancies filled in the exec branch?
Lieutenant Governor
What position is not filled in the exec branch if it becomes vacant?
Supreme Executive Power
Ability to execute powers of the exec branch.
Appointing Power
Ability to appoint non-elected officials
Removals
removing non-elected officials.
Pardons
ability to remove sentences in state crimes.
Legislative Message
Bills the Governor wants introduced/passed
Lieutenant Governor
Governor's top advisor.
Attorney General
Legal officer of the state
Secretary of State
keeper of the great seal of Illinois and responsible for DMVs.
Comptroller
Top fiscal officer, pays bills
Treasurer
State's banker/investor.
Interpret Laws
Main duty of the judicial branch
Supreme, Appellate, Circuit
3 Levels of Courts in Illinois
Judicial Circuits
sections of the state broken up to decide circuit courts
1
Each circuit must have how many counties?
Compact, Contiguous, Equal in Population
3 qualifications each circuit must have
1 Circuit Court
How many/what type of courts must each Judicial circuit have?
22
Number of judicial circuits in Illinois?
Original
What type of jurisdiction do circuit courts have?
General Election
How are circuit judges chosen to their position?
6 Years
Term for circuit judges
US citizen, Licensed Attorney of the State, Resident of the Unit
Qualifications to be a circuit judge
Associate Judges
Judges that help out circuit judges
4 Years
Term for associate judges
Judicial Districts
Sections of a state divided to elect appellate/supreme court judges
5
How many judicial districts are in the state of Illinois?
3
Minimum number of appellate judges that each appellate division must have?
Appellate
What type of jurisdiction do the appellate courts have?
3
How many judges are needed in the appellate court to decide a case?
Population
What is used to establish judicial circuits and districts?
10 Years
Term for an appellate court judge?
7
Number of judges on the Illinois supreme court?
General Election
How are supreme court judges chosen?
3 from the first, 1 from the rest
How many judges are selected from each judicial district?
4
Number of supreme court judges needed to make a quorum?
10 Years
Term for a supreme court judge
Chief Justice
Head of the supreme court?
Selected by Supreme Court Judges
How is the Chief Justice elected?
3 Years
Term for the Chief Justice?
Original and Appellate
Type of jurisdiction supreme court has?
Counties, Municipalities, Townships, Special Districts, and Other Designated Units
5 units of local government
Municipalities
Cities, Villages, Incorporated Towns
Counties
Units of local government that have limited governmental powers.
102
How many counties does Illinois have?
County Clerk, Treasurer, Sheriff
3 officers each county must elect
4 years
Term of county officers
General Election
How are county officers elected?
Townships
Parts of Counties
General Assembly
Who is responsible for the establishment of townships?
General Assembly
Who has the power to tax in Illinois?
Governor
Who is the head of the state militia?
All able-bodied persons in the state except those exempted by law
Who is eligible for the state militia?
Environment
Article XI
A Healthful Environment
What are all Illinois citizens guaranteed?
Constitutional Revision
Article XIV
Cardinal
State Bird
White-Tail Deer
State Animal
Bluegill
State Fish
Square Dance
State Dance
Tully Monster
State Fossil
Fluorite
State Mineral
White Oak
State Tree
Monarch Butterfly
State Insect
Violet
State Flower