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Terms in this set (44)
Water people can drink, not from the sea, contains little to no salt
Ocean water, water containing salt
Water turns to vapor and moves to the atmosphere
Water vapor cools and particles move closer together (condenses),
Rain, snow, sleet, hail
Percent of Earth's Water that is Salt Water
Percent of Earth's Water that is Fresh Water
All water above ground (Oceans, lakes, rivers, snow, ice)
Network of rivers and streams
Large area of land drained by a water system
Largest in US= Mississippi World= Amazon
Water that is beneath Earth's surface
The top of the water under the ground
A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
Percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open space
The ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces or pores. Sandstone, limestone, sand and gravel
Material that does not let water flow through it
Geographic area that collects water and allows it to move downward through layers of soil to enter the aquifer. Environmentally sensitive areas. Structures and concrete can limit the amount of water
An area sunk into the ground to obtain water from the water table
Who is affected by polluted water?
Everyone/ Everything Downstream
How many people lack access to clean, reliable water?
1 in 10 (about 10 percent)
What are the 3 major uses of water?
Where is most fresh water used?
Of the World's Water, what % is used for Industrial?
Of the World's Water, what % is used for households?
How much water does the average American use a day?
What does the average American use water for the most?
Flushing the toilet, showers, baths
Water suitable for drinking
What elements are removed by water treatment?
Mercury, Arsenic, Lead
Virus, microorganism, or other substance that causes disease
Used to manufacture goods, dispose of waste, generate power
Of the World's Water, what % is used for agriculture?
The supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels.
What are some goals of Water Management Projects?
Bringing in water to a dry area, Create a reservoir,
Generate electric power
Divided to meet needs of 7 states,Much of the water is diverted for drinking and irrigation
Structure built across a river to control the river's flow.
Can be used to create hydroelectric power
Artificial body of water formed behind a dam
Used for flood control, water storage, recreation
Electricity made by water turning a turbine
Consequences of interrupting a river
Land behind dam is flooded, Fertile soil ends up in the reservoir, People displaced, Dam failure, Ecosystem destroyed
How is water lost in agriculture?
Evaporation, Seepage, Runoff
Delivers small amounts of water directly to roots of the plants
Outdoor design process that uses minimal water
Process of removing salt from ocean water.
Consumes a lot of energy, very expensive
Point Source Pollution
Pollution that can be traced back to its origin
Non-point Source Pollution
Pollution that can't be traced back to a definite point, small amounts coming from different areas
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