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27 terms

Moses French Revolution

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Glorious Revolution
A revolution in 1689, Overthrow of James II and replacement by William and Mary; The monarchy was given less power and the parliament ends up being supreme over the monarchy, it touched of the Enlightenment, influenced American and French Revolution
Liberalism
Ism that dominated American and French Revolution; Liberty and Equality
Louis XVI
King, clueless about what's going on during his reign; cannot blame whole revolution on him; failed to maintain a centralization of power; gave too much power to other people; did not deal with financial crisis, married to Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette
Became queen of France at young age; unfairly vilified; didn't seem to care about crisis of country; she was born Austrian
Parlements
had to approve reforms made by Louis XVI whom was trying to deal with financial issues by taxing all landowners (which did not pass), they were made up of nobility, could veto reforms
Seven Year War and American Revolutionary War
Two wars France was involved in during the revolution
Inflation
Increasing prices; good for manufacturer, bad for consumers
First Estate
consisted of the clergy, estate
Second Estate
consisted of nobles, estate
Third Estate
consisted of everyone who wasn't in clergy or nobility; estate
National Assembly
formed due to unfairness of Estates-General only giving third estate one vote; take tennis court oath; Sieyes is the leader; eventually Louis recognizes them as legaslative body
Storming of Bastille
popular uprising of the people; charge Bastille for weapons; July 14, 1789, also known as Baptism of Blood; Started Revolution
Great Fear
Spread of violence into countryside; peasants start to attack manor houses containing records which had to do with serf's obligations; Ended nobles being exempt from taxes
Declaration of the Rights of Man
important accomplishment of National Assembly; based on ideas of Rousseau, English Bill of Rights, Louis XVI would sign his power away
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
July of 1790; makes all religious offices elective; brings church under control of government; church became hopelessly corrupt; this constitution was a popular move for the government; tis handed a very powerful weapon to the counter-revolutionaries by making it seem like they were separating church from the country
Constitution of 1791
Constitution that makes France a constitutional monarchy; created legislative assembly; monarchy did not have much power and could not veto; led by middle class
Edmund Burke
wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France; father of European conservatism (reaction against revolution); predicted revolution would become out of control; British author; focuses on tradition; cannot throw out history; says it will tear society apart
Émigrés
the aristocrats that flee during the revolution for safety (hint: uses 2 é's)
Counter-Revolutionaries
groups of people who don't favor the revolution
Austria
This country declares war on France; is trying to help Marie and Louis regain monarchy; by intervening they make them seem like traitors against France, which leads to their death; causes France to enter a more terrifying radical phase
Girondists
group in control of moderate revolution (National Assembly); makes decision to go to war against Austria and Prussia, which goes badly; the middle/moderate faction
Jacobins
more radical than Girondists, but relatively moderate;less radical than Sans-culottes; liberal; wanted to do away with social class distinctions; thought vote should be universal; get control from Girondists;
Sans-Culottes
group that represents working class; supports mobs; extremely radical; feel like they have yet to benefit from revolution; take power from Jacobins; wish to abolish monarchy and aristocracy; choose to execute Louis and Marie; declare war on Great Britain, then Holland, then Spain, and then essentially all of Europe
Reign of Terror
1793-1794, just a short period that defines revolution; ends when Napoleon overthrows government; group in control was Committee of Public Safety (Robespierre); order several executions in order to save revolution; exterminated counter-revolutionaries; drafting; Jean Paul Marat was murdered in his bath tub; George Danton was murdered for not supporting revolution; Republic of Virtue
Robespierre
in charge of Committee of Public Safety; abolishes Christianity to enforce Republic of Virtue which went too far and he was eventually arrested and executed for being an enemy of the revolution
Republic of Virtue
Robespierre forms this when he abolishes Christianity; this goes to far; calendar is changed; connected religion to republic; biggest political error in revolution
Thermidorean Reaction
Radical leaders are either taken out of power or executed; Committee of Public Safety is no longer; conservative; reactionary; after this Napoleon takes power and ends revolution