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44 terms

Endocrine system

STUDY
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NOT a function of oxytocin
~stimulation of menstruation
Growth hormone
~anterior pituitary
Cortisone
~ adrenal cortex
Luteinizing Hormone
~ anterior pituitary
Glucagon
~ alpha cells of pancreatic islets
Antiduretic hormone
~ posterior pituitary
Aldosterone
~ adrenal cortex
Thymosin
~ thymus
Melatonin
~ pineal
Prolactin
~ anterior pituitary
Calcitonin
~ thyroid
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
~ anterior pituitary
Thyroxine
~ thyroid
Glucocorticoids
~ adrenal cortex
Oxytocin
~ posterior pituitary
Insulin
~ beta cells of pancreatic islets
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
~ anterior pituitary
Estrogens do NOT do
~ stimulate growth of facial hair
Steroid hormones directly influence the DNA of their target cells
~ True
The element necessary in the diet for proper thyroid function
~ iodine
NOT typical of the changes that follow the binding of hormone to its target cells
~ cellular maturation occurs
Insulin causes
~ a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose
The hormone that triggers ovulation of an egg from the female ovary is
~ luteinizing hormone
NOT produced by the hypothalamus
~ thyroid- stimulationg hormone
NOT one of the major process controlled by hormones
~ body coordination
NOT produced by the adrenal cortex
~ epinephrine
NOT produced by the anterior pituitary
~ oxytocin
The adrenal medulla is stimulated by the "fight-or-flight" respone
~ true
Hormone concentrations in the blood under normal conditions are usually regulated by
~ negative feedback mechanisms
The thyroid gland is located
~ below the adam's apple
The hormone that helps regulate our slee-awake cycle is
~ melatonin
The hormone responsible for the maturation of white clood cels known as T lymphocytes is
~ thymosin
NOT a secondary sex characteristic brought about by testosterone secretion
~ development of breasts
Calcitonin is a hormone antagonistic to parathormone in regulation of blood calcium concentration
~ true
Both male and female sex hormones are produced by the adrenal cortex throughout life in relatively small amounts
~ true
The adrenal glands are similar to pituitary glands in that they both have glandular and neural tissue
~ true
NOT an anterior pituitary hormone
~ antidiuretic hormone
Parathyroid hormone is the most important regulator of blood calcium concentration
~ true
Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreatic islets called
~ beta cells
Stimulates other endocrine glands to secrete hormone
~ tropic hormones
Hormone that exerts its primary effects on the reproductive organs
~ follicle-stimulating hormone
Rising blood levels of aldosterone cause the kidney tubules to
~ reabsorb sodium
The endocrine system is generally faster then the nervous system
~ false
The placenta is a temporary organ formed in the uterus of pregnant women
~ true