Genetics study guide
Terms in this set (25)
entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in its DNA
one of different forms of a gene
threadlike structures made of DNA and protein that contains genetic information
Where are chromosomes found in eukaryotes?
Where are proteins found in prokaryotes?
one of two chromosomes that determines an individual's sex
process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis
chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have the same structure, and that pair during meiosis
one of Mendel's principles that states that genes for different traits can segregate independently during the formation of gametes
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides
genetic makeup of an organism
physical characteristics of an organism
diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenotype combinations of a genetic cross
an allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present.
chart that shows the presence or absence of a trait according to the relationships within a family across several generations
Which process creates variation between the gametes?
Which location of a Punnett square shows the results of fertilization?
What is the relationship between meiosis and gametes?
only gametes undergo meiosis
What is the relationship between homologous chromosomes and zygotes?
homologous chromosomes carry alleles which will be given to a zygote
What is the relationship between genotype and alleles?
alleles are included in a genotype
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