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Medterms Ch5 Sec2

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adenoidectomy
excision of the adenoids.
adenotome
surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids.
bronchoplasty
surgical repair of a bronchus.
laryngectomy
excision of the larynx.
laryngoplasty
surgical repair of the larynx
laryngostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the larynx.
laryngotracheotomy
incision of the larynx and trachea
lobectomy
excision of a lobe (of the lung)
pleuropexy
surgical fixation of the pleura
pneumobronchotomy
incision of lung and bronchus
pneumonectomy
excision of a lung
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
septoplasty
surgical repair of the (nasal) septum.
septotomy
incision into the (nasal) septum
sinusotomy
incision of a sinus
thoracocentesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity (also called thoracentesis)
thoracotomy
incision into the chest cavity
tonsillectomy
excision of the tonsils.
tracheoplasty
surgical repair of the trachea
tracheostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
tracheotomy
incision of the trachea
bronchoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
bronchoscopy
visual examination of the bronchi
endoscope
instrument used for visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity). (Current trend is to use endoscopes for surgical procedures as well as for viewing.)
endoscopic
pertaining to visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity)(used to describe the practice of performing surgeries that use endoscopes.)
endoscopy
visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity)
laryngoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the larynx.
laryngoscopy
visual examination of the larynx.
thoracoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the thorax.
thoracoscopy
visual examination of the thorax
capnometer
instrument used to measure carbon dioxide (levels in expired gas)
oximeter
instrument used to measure oxygen (saturation in the blood)
spirometer
instrument used to measure breathing (or lung volumes)
spirometry
a measurement of breathing (or lung volumes)
polysomnography (PSG)
process of recording many (tests) during sleep (performed to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea) tests include: electrocardiography, electromyography, electroencephalography, air flow monitoring and oximetry
chest computed tomography scan (CT)
computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Performed to diagnose tumors abscesses, and pleural effusion. Computed tomography is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.
chest radiograph (CXR)
a radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the and the heart (also called chest x-ray)
ventilation-perfusion scanning (VPS)
a nuclear medicine procedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions (also called a lung scan)
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear
a test performed on sputum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause tuberculosis.
arterial blood gases (ABGs)
a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present.
peak flow meter (PFM)
a portable instrument used to measure how fast air can be pushed out of the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly.
pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
a group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determine respiratory function; when abnormal, they are useful in distinguishing COPD from asthma
pulse oximetry
a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip.
auscultation
the act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope. Used for assessing and diagnosing conditions of the lungs, pleura, heart, and abdomen.
percussion
the act of tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath by the sound obtained. A dull sound indicates the presence of fluid in a body space or cavity such as in the pleural space
purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test
a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis. PPD of the tuberculin bacillus is injected intradermally. Positive tests indicate previous exposure, not necessarily active tuberculosis (also called TB skin test)
stethoscope
an instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation and blood pressure measurement.
acapnia
condition of absence (less than normal) of carbon dioxide (in the blood)
alveolar
pertaining to the alveolus
anoxia
condition of absence (deficiency) of oxygen
aphonia
condition of absence of voice
apnea
absence of breathing
bronchoalveolar
pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
bronchospasm
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
diaphragmatic
pertaining to the diaphragm (also called phrenic)
dysphonia
condition of difficult speaking (voice)
dyspnea
difficult breathing
endotracheal
pertaining to within the trachea
eupnea
normal breathing
hypercapnia
condition of excessive carbon dioxide (in the blood)
hyperpnea
excessive breathing
hypocapnia
condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)
hypopnea
deficient breathing
hypoxemia
condition of deficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
condition of deficient oxygen (to the tissues)
intrapleural
pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)
laryngeal
pertaining to the larynx
laryngospasm
spasmodic contraction of the larynx.
mucoid
resembling mucus
mucous
pertaining to mucus
nasopharyngeal
pertaining to the nose and pharynx
orthopnea
able to breathe easier in a straight (upright)
phrenalgia
pain in the diaphragm (also called diaphragmalgia)
phrenospasm
spasm of the diaphragm
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
pulmonologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the lung
pulmonology
study of the lung (a branch of medicine dealing with disease of the lung)
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
tachypnea
rapid breathing
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
airway
passageway by which air enters and leves the lungs as well as mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed
asphyxia
deprivation of oxygen for tissue use; suffocation
aspirate
to withdraw fluid or suction fluid
bronchoconstrictor
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilator
agent causing the bronchi to widen
cough
sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs.
hiccup
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm (also called hiccough an singultus)
hyperventilation
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
hypoventilation
ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs.
mucopurulent
containing both mucus and pus.
mucus
slimy fluid secreted by the mucus membranes
nebulizer
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment
nosocomial infection
an infection acquired during hospitalization
paroxysm
periodic, sudden attack
patent
open, the opposite of closed or comprised, thus allowing passage of air, as in patent trachea and bronchi can be applied to any tubular passageway in the body, as in a patent artery, allowing passage of the blood
sputum
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing
ABGs
arterial blood gases
AFB
acid-fast bacilli
ARDS
acute respiratory distress syndrome
CF
cystic fibrosis
CO2
carbon dioxide
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CT
computed tomography
CXR
chest radiograph (chest x-ray)
flu
influenza
LLL
left lower lobe
LTB
laryngotracheobronchitis
LUL
left upper lobe
O2
oxygen
OSA
obstructive sleep apnea
PE
pulmonary embolism
PFM
peak flow meter
PFTs
pulmonary function tests
PSG
polysomnography
RLL
Right lower lobe
RML
right middle lobe
RUL
right upper lobe
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
tuberculosis
URI
upper respiratory infection
VPS
ventilation-perfusion scanning