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surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity (also called thoracentesis)
instrument used for visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity). (Current trend is to use endoscopes for surgical procedures as well as for viewing.)
pertaining to visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity)(used to describe the practice of performing surgeries that use endoscopes.)
process of recording many (tests) during sleep (performed to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea) tests include: electrocardiography, electromyography, electroencephalography, air flow monitoring and oximetry
chest computed tomography scan (CT)
computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Performed to diagnose tumors abscesses, and pleural effusion. Computed tomography is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.
chest radiograph (CXR)
a radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the and the heart (also called chest x-ray)
ventilation-perfusion scanning (VPS)
a nuclear medicine procedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions (also called a lung scan)
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear
a test performed on sputum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause tuberculosis.
arterial blood gases (ABGs)
a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present.
peak flow meter (PFM)
a portable instrument used to measure how fast air can be pushed out of the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly.
pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
a group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determine respiratory function; when abnormal, they are useful in distinguishing COPD from asthma
a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip.
the act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope. Used for assessing and diagnosing conditions of the lungs, pleura, heart, and abdomen.
the act of tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath by the sound obtained. A dull sound indicates the presence of fluid in a body space or cavity such as in the pleural space
purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test
a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis. PPD of the tuberculin bacillus is injected intradermally. Positive tests indicate previous exposure, not necessarily active tuberculosis (also called TB skin test)
an instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation and blood pressure measurement.
passageway by which air enters and leves the lungs as well as mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm (also called hiccough an singultus)
open, the opposite of closed or comprised, thus allowing passage of air, as in patent trachea and bronchi can be applied to any tubular passageway in the body, as in a patent artery, allowing passage of the blood
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