creation of an artificial opening into the larynx.
incision of the larynx and trachea
excision of a lobe (of the lung)
surgical fixation of the pleura
incision of lung and bronchus
excision of a lung
surgical repair of the nose
surgical repair of the (nasal) septum.
incision into the (nasal) septum
incision of a sinus
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity (also called thoracentesis)
incision into the chest cavity
excision of the tonsils.
surgical repair of the trachea
creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
incision of the trachea
instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
visual examination of the bronchi
instrument used for visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity). (Current trend is to use endoscopes for surgical procedures as well as for viewing.)
pertaining to visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity)(used to describe the practice of performing surgeries that use endoscopes.)
visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity)
instrument used for visual examination of the larynx.
visual examination of the larynx.
instrument used for visual examination of the thorax.
visual examination of the thorax
instrument used to measure carbon dioxide (levels in expired gas)
instrument used to measure oxygen (saturation in the blood)
instrument used to measure breathing (or lung volumes)
a measurement of breathing (or lung volumes)
process of recording many (tests) during sleep (performed to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea) tests include: electrocardiography, electromyography, electroencephalography, air flow monitoring and oximetry
chest computed tomography scan (CT)
computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Performed to diagnose tumors abscesses, and pleural effusion. Computed tomography is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.
chest radiograph (CXR)
a radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the and the heart (also called chest x-ray)
ventilation-perfusion scanning (VPS)
a nuclear medicine procedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions (also called a lung scan)
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear
a test performed on sputum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause tuberculosis.
arterial blood gases (ABGs)
a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present.
peak flow meter (PFM)
a portable instrument used to measure how fast air can be pushed out of the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly.
pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
a group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determine respiratory function; when abnormal, they are useful in distinguishing COPD from asthma
a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip.
the act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope. Used for assessing and diagnosing conditions of the lungs, pleura, heart, and abdomen.
the act of tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath by the sound obtained. A dull sound indicates the presence of fluid in a body space or cavity such as in the pleural space
purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test
a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis. PPD of the tuberculin bacillus is injected intradermally. Positive tests indicate previous exposure, not necessarily active tuberculosis (also called TB skin test)
an instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation and blood pressure measurement.
condition of absence (less than normal) of carbon dioxide (in the blood)
pertaining to the alveolus
condition of absence (deficiency) of oxygen
condition of absence of voice
absence of breathing
pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
pertaining to the diaphragm (also called phrenic)
condition of difficult speaking (voice)
pertaining to within the trachea
condition of excessive carbon dioxide (in the blood)
condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)
condition of deficient oxygen in the blood
condition of deficient oxygen (to the tissues)
pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)
pertaining to the larynx
spasmodic contraction of the larynx.
pertaining to mucus
pertaining to the nose and pharynx
able to breathe easier in a straight (upright)
pain in the diaphragm (also called diaphragmalgia)
spasm of the diaphragm
pertaining to the lungs
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the lung
study of the lung (a branch of medicine dealing with disease of the lung)
discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
pertaining to the chest
passageway by which air enters and leves the lungs as well as mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed
deprivation of oxygen for tissue use; suffocation
to withdraw fluid or suction fluid
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
agent causing the bronchi to widen
sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs.
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm (also called hiccough an singultus)
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs.
containing both mucus and pus.
slimy fluid secreted by the mucus membranes
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment
an infection acquired during hospitalization
periodic, sudden attack
open, the opposite of closed or comprised, thus allowing passage of air, as in patent trachea and bronchi can be applied to any tubular passageway in the body, as in a patent artery, allowing passage of the blood
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing