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FInal POLI 100I: Descriptive Representation
Terms in this set (19)
Does the numerical Underrepresentation of the Working Class in Congress Matter?
Does the Descriptive Representation of the Working Class "crowd out" women and minorities (and vice versa)?
Carnes (2012): Theory
- social class position affects how individuals are socialized and the kinds of groups with whom they associate/idenitfy
- personal experiences also vary with social class
-Members of Congress who were previously employed as farm owners, business people, or in other private-section professional occupations are more likely to vote economically conservative on roll call votes than members of Congress from working class employment.
Carnes (2012): Methods
- Examined data on several composite measures of roll-call voting on economic policies--> the set of issues for which class should matter most
- Measures social class with occupation instead of education or income
Carnes (2012): Findings
- expectations are confirmed even when looking overtime and within characteristics of the legislator and district
--> Legislators who were previously farm or business owners vote conservatively.
--> working class politicians vote more liberally
- the descriptive representation of workers does not seem to reduce female or minority representation
- when politicians from new group run and win the elections that favor politicians from the existing underrepresented groups
Local elections inAmerican Project Data- 18,000 local and county elections in Ca 1995-2011
- Use first name to determine whether M or F and used Last named to determine whether white or non-hispanic
- white men make up minority of workin-class candidates
- the working-class candidates who are white men do not seem to run in the same kinds of races as women and minorities
- there is room for more working-class candidates and more F and Minority candidates too
when constituents are represented by individuals who in their own backgrounds mirror some of the more frequent experiences and outward manifestations belonging to their group
ex. Not just characteristics like skin color or gender, but also shared lived experiences, like class or being from a certain location
Should black people represent black people and women represent women?
-Yes, it depends on the context
Microcosmic Descriptive Representation
the entire assembly is designed to form a microcosmic, or representative sample of the electorate
Selective descriptive representation
selected groups receive greater descriptive representation than they would achieve in existing electoral systems in order to address inequalities in participation
ex. Gerrymandering, or universal policies like civic education that decreases barriers to participation
Two functions of Selective Descriptive Representation
1. Aggregative Function
2. Deliberative Function
- representative assembly should ideally represent the interests of every group in proportion to the numbers of that group in the population (similar to "one person, one vote" in direct democracy)
- not every woman will speak for women, not every AA will speak for African Americans
-epresentative democracy ideally includes at least one representative who can "speak for" each group and can provide new insights, perspectives, or information to help reach policies that benefit the whole polity and the representatives' constituents right-handed reps to speak for left handed constituents
--> Ex. it is hard for
Mansbridge: Argument that DR benefits disadvantaged constituents in 4 contexts
- descriptive representation is not always necessary
- DR is beneficial when:
--> selective (to address undress unequal representation)
--> deliberative (vertically and horizontally
--> flexible (to accommodate contextual changes)
This set is often in folders with...
POLI 100I Midterm
Final POLI 100I: Mobilization
Final POLI 100I: Campaigns
FInal POLI 100I: Representation
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