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21 terms

Film Terminology I

Definitions of the terms discussed in chapter 1, 7 and 8.
STUDY
PLAY
auteur theory
The theory that the director of the film is the author in the sense that a novelist creates a novel.
Avant-Garde
unorthodox and and experimental artists who push the boundaries of film
Classical cinema
(classical paradigm)
The mainstream style of movies characterized by strong story-lines, Stars, and production values
Expressionism
Extreme distortion in film used for artistic self-expression at the expense of objectivity. Ex: the Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
Formalism
films in which the aesthetic concerns take precedence over subject matter and the emphasis is on the essential symbolic aspects of objects and people.
Realism
the attempt to reproduce the objective world as it is commonly percieved
Studio
From the 1920s until the 1960s nearly all american movies were made by five production companies with extensive physical facilities and armies of artists bound by exclusive contracts in this system.
Convention
The implied agreement between audience and film-maker to accept artificialities like flashbacks.
cut
The most common transitional device, these days, in which transition from one shot to another is instantaneous. This may occur within a scene or as a transition from one scene to another.
cross-cutting
When there are cuts alternately between two scenes or setups that occur simultaneously.
intercutting
Alternate (scenes or shots) with contrasting scenes or shots to make one composite scene in a film
dissolve
When images are superimposed upon one another so that one gradually vanishes while the other appears.
director
The person responsible for the creative aspects, both interpretive and technical, of a motion picture.
editor
The person who selects, trims and puts together the different pieces of film
fade out
Fashion in which a picture disappears into a black field.
flashback
A sudden interruption showing and event that took place in the past.
Frame
An individual photograph on a strip of film.
scene
Made up of a significant action taking place in a single location.
sequence
A succession of scenes linked by time, location, or narrative continuity to for a unified episode.
Ex: Locomotive chase in The General
Shot
The basic grammatical unit of film, a continuously exposed piece of film providing an unbroken view of a situation or action.
Is also known as a take.
Fade In
The transition in which an image appears out of a black field