How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

19 terms

fluids and electrolytes

STUDY
PLAY
we are, by weight, __ percent water, __ percent intracellular fluid, __ percent interstitial fluid, __ percent plasma, and __ percent solids (proteins, lipids, minerals)
60, 33, 21.5, 4.5, 40
_____ maintains osmotic pressure in capillaries
albumin
normal potassium levels are __ to __
3.5, 5.0
________ means high levels of potassium
hyperkalemia
______ means low levels of potassium
hypokalemia
normal sodium levels are ___ to ___
135, 145
______ means high levels of sodium
hypernatremia
______ means low levels of sodium
hyponatremia
characteristics of respiratory acidosis include: ___ levels too high because _____ are not working; ______ compensate (slow system) by conserving bicarbinates
CO2, lungs, kindeys
acid levels less than __ are usually incompatible with living
7.1
characteristics of respiratory alkalosis include: ____ releasing too much ___ (hyperventilation); at some point, if hyperventilation continues, person loses consciousness and brain will slow respirations, CO2 goes back to normal levels
lungs, CO2
normal CO2 levels are __ to __
35, 45
normal bicarbonate (HCO3) normal level is __ to __
22, 26
hyperosmolar means _______, blood is ______
dehydration, concentrated
hypoosmolar means water _____; blood is ______
excess, dilute
magnesium is needed for ______; can give ~ for smooth muscle relaxation (uterus, bronchioles); if too high, patient can stop breathing
muscles
osteoporosis causes bones to break down, causing the release of calcium, so calcium levels will actually _____
rise
sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium are ______
cations
chloride, bicarbonate, and phosphorus-phosphate are _____
anions