Bone Fractures


Terms in this set (...)

depression fracture
Broken bone portion is pushed inward
closed or simple fracture
a completely internal break that does not involve a break in the skin
open or compound fracture
bone penetrates the muscle and skin
longitudinal fracture
fracture occurs along the length of the bone
transverse fracture
the fracture is perpendicular to the long axis of the bone
fracture is straight across bone
displaced fracture
broken bone ends are pulled out of their normal anatomical alignment
spiral fracture
fracture in which excessive twisting forces were applied to a bone.
oblique fracture
a complete fracture that occurs to or toward or at one side
fracture at an angle to bone
comminuted fracture
fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
bone has broken or splintered into pieces.
break where one bone fragment is pushed or driven into another
incomplete break; one side of the bone is broken and the other is bent
pathological fracture
Break in a bone weakened by some other disease such as cancer or osteoporosis.
nondisplaced fracture
bone ends retain their normal position
compression fracture
occurs when the bone is pressed together (compressed) on itself
bone is crushed
avulsion fracture
fragment of bone chipped away from the main bone