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Chapter 7 Abnormal Psychology
Terms in this set (43)
_____ refers to an unsuccessful attempt to kill one's self.
Common mood changes that may accompany suicidal behavior include all of the following EXCEPT:
Based solely on gender and ethnicity, who is MOST likely to successfully commit suicide?
Jamison, a Native American male
In addition to changes in emotion, individuals contemplating suicide may also experience a change in thinking, specifically the development of a sense of:
Zoe's child recently died in a terrible car accident and Zoe is finding it extremely difficult to cope. One afternoon, her neighbors look up to find her standing on the roof of her three-story apartment building. The police arrive on the scene and try to talk her down. She listens to what they have to say, and at one moment, she seems to change her mind. However, she falls off the ledge. Her neighbors do not know if her death was an accident or on purpose. According to Edwin Shneidman, Zoe was a death:
Suicide can be caused by immediate or long-term stressors. Which would NOT be considered a long-term stressor?
the death of a loved one
Annually, about _____ percent of male suicides involve the use of a gun, compared to about _____ percent of female suicides.
Social isolation, serious illness, an abusive environment, and occupational stress are examples of _____ stress.
Natalie is an extremely religious individual; some of her friends have described her as a fanatic. At age 35, Natalie begins obsessing about moving on to the afterlife. One afternoon, she mixed some industrial cleaner with a glass of lemonade, said a prayer, and drank the concoction. Within a few minutes, the poisons in the cleaner have claimed her life. According to Edwin Shneidman, Natalie is an example of a death:
Wallace was diagnosed with cancer 6 months ago. Since his diagnosis, his behavior has radically changed. He began drinking heavily, using drugs, speeding excessively, and engaging in promiscuous sex with multiple partners. At one point, in a deep depression, he called his brother after injecting himself with a large amount of heroin. Edwin Shneidman would suggest Wallace is a death:
Willow has been really struggling. Her husband left her for her best friend, and Willow cannot get over the betrayal. She has been having misgivings about committing suicide, but one morning she wakes up and she is sure it is the path she wants to take. She swallows a handful of pills and washes them down with a bottle of strong alcohol. In a short time, she is dead. According to Edwin Shneidman, Willow was a death:
Soon after the accidental death of her husband, Ronnie decided to swallow a bottle of aspirin along with half a bottle of vodka. Her friend, Mary Beth, stopped by unexpectedly and called 911, and by doing so saved Ronnie's life. Because Ronnie didn't die as a result of her suicide attempt, her behavior would be called:
"No one kills himself who has not wanted to kill another or at least wished the death of another." This quotation suggests that suicide is an internalization of anger that is truly directed at others. It was MOST likely made by physician and psychologist:
When someone calls a suicide hot line, they typically speak to a _____, a person trained in counseling but without a formal degree.
The activity of the neurotransmitter _____ tends to be low in people who commit suicide.
A counselor tries to negotiate a _____ contract with a suicidal caller. This is a promise not to attempt suicide, or at least a promise to reestablish contact if the caller again considers suicide.
Which is NOT one of Emile Durkheim's categories of suicide?
Which statement is FALSE regarding suicide prevention centers in the United States?
The typical caller to urban prevention centers appears to be a young European American female.
A person with no sense of belonging to society may be classified as having committed an _____ suicide.
Duncan runs a _____ program, in which he and his staff try to identify people who are at risk for suicide in order to offer them help.
During World War II, Japanese kamikaze pilots sometimes sacrificed their own lives to crash their planes into enemy ships. According to Emile Durkheim, this is an example of _____ suicide.
Carlisle has been struggling with depression for months. He sees no end to his misery and is considering suicide. Before he takes actions, he calls a _____, a 24-hour telephone service. He speaks to a counselor and begins to get the help he needs.
suicide hot line
Derek's wife died after a long battle with cancer. After her death, Derek became very angry, not at the loss of his wife, but at himself. As a result, he developed depression and suicidal tendencies. This situation BEST illustrates the _____ view of suicide.
Dr. Marks endorses a biological perspective of suicide. He is MOST likely to rely on _____ studies to support the position that biological factors contribute to suicidal behavior.
Low levels of serotonin have been found in the brains of those who commit suicide. This neurotransmitter deficiency has been linked to all of the following EXCEPT increased:
frequency of hallucinations.
Dr. Kahn is monitoring the warning signs of suicide in her young clients. Which of these is NOT among the behavioral warning signs she is MOST likely to see?
delusions of nihilism or paranoia
Katie works as a paraprofessional at a suicide call center. When trying to clarify the problems of her callers, she is MOST likely to:
try to help her callers see the central issues and transient nature of their crisis.
Sharon is an African American female in her late teens who has suicidal thoughts. Which statement is MOST likely true about Sharon when it comes to suicide prevention?
Sharon is a typical caller for suicide prevention centers.
About _____ percent of teens who attend follow-up care after a suicide attempt terminate treatment against their therapist's advice.
The foundation of Emile Durkheim's theory of suicide is:
the idea that the probability of suicide is determined by the degree of attachment a person feels to social groups such as the family, religious institutions, and community.
Up to _____ percent of teenagers who attempt suicide try again in the future.
Shneidman believed that the key to suicide is a feeling of psychological:
Pamela tends to see the world in black-and-white, seeing things in either/or terms and frequently using the word "only." Cognitive theorists would describe this as a(n) _____ thinking pattern.
People who are both depressed and _____ seem particularly prone to suicidal impulses.
dependent on alcohol
In order to understand the causes and contributing factors to a suicide, researchers often gather information about a person who has ended his or her life. They may talk to friends, family members, or colleagues. They may examine paperwork or records. With appropriate permission, they may talk to doctors or other professionals in an attempt to build a picture of the suicide victim's state of mind and motivation. This kind of "psychological autopsy" is formally called a(n):
The first suicide-prevention program in the United States was established in _____, in 1955.
Los Angeles, California
After attempting suicide, around _____ percent of teens stop treatment against their therapists' advice.
Freud believed that human beings have an unconscious "death instinct." Which term did he use to refer to that death instinct?
The goals of therapy for those who have attempted suicide include all of the following goals EXCEPT to:
separate them from their families
An estimated 1 out of _____ elderly persons who attempt suicide succeeds.
It is estimated that approximately 1 out of every _____ children attempts to harm him- or herself in a given year, with many ending up hospitalized for deliberately self-destructive acts.
Of the four countries listed, which has the HIGHEST annual suicide rate?
Which influential psychiatrist referred to suicide as "murder in the 180th" degree, emphasizing the idea that suicide is an internalization of aggression and anger that is really focused on another person?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Abnormal Psych-Chp. 7
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