The warrior king of the Franks. He won many battles and established a Germanic kingdom that replaces Rome. He was a Christian.
The Latin word for "middle age". It was in this period after the collapse of Rome where different cultures started to blend
One of the Germanic tribes that conquered parts of the Roman Empire. Clovis, their king, conquered Roman territories such as Gaul. This was one of the tribes that was more rustic than the Romans.
He rallied Frankish warriors when the Muslim army crossed into France during the battle of Tours. Grandfather of Charlemange.
Battle of Tours
A battle in 732 where it was the Muslims versus the Franks, led by Charles Martel. The Franks won and stopped the Muslims from advancing Europe.
He became king a helped conquer much of Europe. He spent most of his reign in Spain fighting against the Muslims. The pope declared him Emperor of the Romans. He worked closely with the church to create a Christian Europe and though education would help unify his kingdom. His son Louis I was his predecessor.
Nomadic people that settled in modern day Hungary. For 50 years, they plundered much of Europe until they were pushed back into Hungary.
Scandinavian persons whose sailors raided the people of Europe for 400 years. They were independent farmers but once they started reaching out, they intermingled with other Europeans and eventually set up a community in North America.
A loosely organized system of government meant to handle the invasions Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars. Powerful local lords divided their property amongst vassals. In return, the lesser lords would pledge service and loyalty to them.
A lesser lord in medieval Europe who was given land in exchange for their loyalty and service. They were important in Feudalism.
An exchange of pledges between lords and vassal in Feudalism.
The land lords gave to vassals in Feudalism. The vassals would then provide service and loyalty to the lords.
A mounted warrior. Noble boys began training young for this occupation. When the training finished, there was usually a public ceremony to honor them. These soldiers fought on horse and fought in real warfare as well as tournaments.
Mock battles knights fought in. It was an alternative way to display skill and practice for legitimate warfare.
A code of conduct adopted by knights in the later Middle Ages. It required the knights to be brave, true to their word, loyal, and fight fairly in warfare.
A wandering musician. They sang of the brave deeds of knights and devotion to their maidens. Many of their songs became the basis for epic poems and songs. Middle Ages equivalent to bards.
The lord's estate and the heart of the feudal community. Many of theses places included a village and surrounding land and many local peasants would work and serve here.
A peasant that could not leave a manor. They could not be bought and sold like slaves but were still not free individuals. They were not permitted to leave the land without the permission of the Lord.