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81 terms

§upa - Jeopardy Terms - 10 - The Rise and Spread of Islam

A list of Jeopardy terms relating to the rise and spread of Islam.
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Arabia
Peninsula on which the early Arabs lived
Desert
Climate of the early Arabs' homeland
Mecca
Birthplace of Muhammad
Moors
Christians' term for the Muslim people who conquered Spain
Herding
Major occupation of Arabian nomads
Bedouins
Nomads of Arabia
Medina
City to which Muhammad fled and established his leadership
Mecca
City captured by Muhammad that became the center of Islam
Red Sea
Body of water on the west coast of Arabia
Africa
Continent whose northern border was conquered by the Arabs
Spain
Western European country that became part of the Arab Empire
Persian Empire
Empire to the east of Arabia taken over by the Arabs
Byzantine Empire
Empire to the north of the Arab Empire extending from Asia Minor into Europe
Palestine, Syria
Near Eastern countries to the north of Arabia taken over by the Arab Empire
Egypt
African country to the west of Arabia that became part of the Arab Empire
Tigris
River on which Baghdad was built
Khadijah
Wealthy businesswoman who married Muhammad
Yathrib
Original name of the city of Medina
Damascus
New capital of the Umayyad caliphs, in Syria
Baghdad
New capital built by the Abbasid caliphs
Cordoba, Toledo
Spanish cities that were centers of learning under the Arabs
Muhammad
Founder of the Arab Empire
Generously, Tolerantly
How the Arabs treated people they conquered
Arabic
Official language of the Arab Empire
Caliph
Term for a successor of Muhammad
Golden Age of Islam
The first 100 years in power of the Abbasids, 750-850
Camel Driver (Caravan Trader)
Muhammad's early profession
Election
Method of choosing the first caliphs
Heredity
How the title of caliph was passed on after the early caliphs
Taxes
Source of income for the Arab Empire
Battle of Tours
Battle in which the Arabs were turned back from their invasion of Europe (~_732_~)
Fatimah
Muhammad's daughter
Abu Bakr
Muhammad's loyal friend, follower, and first successor
Ali
Muhammad's son-in-law, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs
Hijrah
Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in 622
Umayyad
Dynasty that ruled as hereditary caliphs for 90 years
Shi'ites
Group of Muslims who favored caliphs chosen only from Muhammad's own family
Sunnis
Group of Muslims who favored electing any eligible, pious Muslim as caliph
Abbasids
Group that defeated the Umayyads to rule the empire
Caliphates
Term for the three parts of the later empire
Shari'a
Muslim body of law, incorporating religious, criminal, and civil matters
Algebra
Type of mathematics invented by Muslim scholars
Arabic Numerals
Type of numbers introduced to Europeans by Arab mathematicians
Medicine
Health-care field in which Arabs excelled
Living Creatures
Things that could not be pictured by Islamic artists
Calligraphy
Artistic use of flowing Arabic script
Alchemists
Muslim scientists who tried to turn tin and lead into silver and gold
Astronomers
Muslim scientists who gave many stars their names
Geographers
Muslim scientists who determined the earth might be round
Arabian Nights ( Thousand and One Nights )
Popular collection of Persian tales
Spain
European country that became a point of contact for Europeans and Muslim culture
Crusades
Events that brought Europeans into contact with Muslim culture
Minarets
Slender towers built next to mosques
Astrolabe
Navigation instrument perfected by Muslim scientists
Canon on Medicine
Arab encyclopedia of medicine used in European medical schools for 500 years
Omar Khayyam
Famed Persian scholar, astronomer, and poet, author of the Rubaiyat
( Mohammad ) al-Razi ( Avicenna )
Great physician and author of collection of medical knowledge
Steel Swords
Weapons from Damascus that became world famous
Dome of the Rock
Revered Muslim shrine in Jerusalem built in the 600s using Byzantine domes and arches
House of Wisdom
Library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad, a center for scholars
Allah
The one God of Islam
Qu'ran ( Koran )
Muslim book of scriptures, the sacred word of God as revealed to Muhammad
Masjid ( Mosque )
Muslim house of worship
Prophet
Muhammad's status
Pork
Food forbidden to Muslims
Liquor
Beverage forbidden to Muslims
(Five) 5
Number of times per day Muslims must pray
Facing Mecca
Position in which Muslims must pray
Almsgiving
Muslims must do this for the needy.
Fast
What Muslims must do during the daylight hours of the holy month
Mullah
Men learned in Islamic faith and law; A male religious teacher or leader
Jews, Christians
Muhammad believed Allah was the same god that these two religious groups worshipped.
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Angel Gabriel
Heavenly creature whose voice spoke to Muhammad
Ka'ba
Holy shrine of Mecca that contains a sacred cubelike black structure
"Submission to God"
What the word Islam means
"There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger" (prophet)
Islamic creed that Muslims must recite
Imam
Muslim prayer leader
Ramadan
Muslim holy month
"One who submits"
Meaning of the word Muslim
Hijrah
Event that marks the first year of the Muslim calendar