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27 terms

history chapter 11

history chapters 11 and 12' MEINES
STUDY
PLAY
fort sumter
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
anaconda plan
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
stonewall jackson
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)
George McClellan
union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Battle of Bull Run
either of two battles during the American Civil War (1861 and 1862)
Shiloh
This was battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South. The battle was fought in the west prevented the north from obtaining an easy victory. However, the Confederates strong resistance showed that they would not go quietly and the war was far from over.
David G. Farragut
a union admiral remembered for running a blockade of torpedoes while taking mobile
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Antietam
the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with almost 23,000 casualties. After this "win" for the North, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
habeas corpus
a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
Copperheads
a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
conscription
a military draft
Fort Pillow
site of Confederate massacre of more than 200 African American war prisoners
income tax
Tax paid to the state, federal, and local governments based on income earned over the past year.
Andersonville
The most infamous prison in the south. There was no shelter. There was a huge population, and there were food shortages, overcrowding, and disease that killed about 100 men a day during the summer months.
Clara Barton
Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
Gettysburg
The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.
Chancellorsville
In Virginia where Lee daringly divided his numerically inferior army and sent Stonewall Jackson to attack the Union flank. This was successful strategy as it was one of the Confederates most successful victories of the war. However, during the battle Jackson was shot and killed by friendly fire which depleted the moral of the confederate force.
Vicksburg
Grant's best fought campaign, this siege ended in the seizure of the Mississippi River by the Union
Gettysburg Adress
Speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of a democracy. That ideal was threatened by the Civil War.
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war
Election of 1874
Lincoln was pessimistic but won.
Appomattox
Lee surrenders here, but Grant offers the Confederacy good surrender terms to try to reunify the country.
Thirteenth Ammendment
ammendment of the Constitution that outlawed slavery
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)