Decolonization Key Words
Terms in this set (70)
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
a Pakistani military dictator and the sixth President of Pakistan who forcibly assumed presidency in 1978 after imposing martial law in 1977
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Led civilian government that replaced military regime in 1958
Bhutto's daughter who served as Prime Minister until 1996; assassinated in 2007
Ugandan military leader/president - responsible for hundreds of thousands of Christian/tribal deaths
(1925-1998) Leader of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. Pol Pot is responsible for the deaths of almost 2 million of his own people due to starvation, execution, and beatings.
39th President of the United States
Israeli Prime Minister who signed the Camp David Accords in 1979
Egyptian statesman who (as president of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin (then prime minister of Israel) (1918-1981)
Palestinian political leader who was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, as well as the president of Palestine from 1994 to 2004. he was a founding member of the Fatah political party, which he led from 1959 until his death.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
He led the coup which toppled the monarchy of King Farouk and started a new period of modernization and socialist reform in Egypt
Egyptian statesman who became president in 1981 after Sadat was assassinated (born in 1929)
Shah Reza Khan
Modernized the civilian and military bureaucracies in Iran
Shah Muhammad Reza
Iranian leader responsible for high levels of repression committed against the Iranian people
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic.
President of Turkey in 2007,promised to continue a policy of modernization.
founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first priesident; Pan-africansim
Charles De Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Leader of the United Nations from 1997-2007. From Ghana- winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
Kenyatta's successor who was less successfull than Kenyatta in terms of governing the country
an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations
this section of Pakistan houses the central government
former name of Bangladesh
the country once called East Pakistan
A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
A group of Communist rebels who seized power in Cambodia in 1975.
Palestinian Liberation Organization
Organization created for the purpose of creating an Arab state in Palestine
a militant Islamic fundamentalist political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon
a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state
a regional political and economic organization focused on Arab unity and development
Islamic republic in Middle East and primary foe of Israel in the region today
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
A political organization in Turkey that advocates for the right to Kurdish self-determination
Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward.
Organization of African Unity
An establishment founded after the Pan-African meeting in 1963 aimed to create a sense of unity among Africans.
organization formed in 2002 to promote unity among African states and to foster development and end poverty
FLN (National Liberation Front)
Algerian Nationalists founded it in 1950's. 1954 civil war broke out and used guerrilla warfare which was highly effective.
country in Africa
A violent movement against European settlers that eventually led to Kenya's decolonization from Britain
Kenyan African National Union (KANU)
The nationalist independence movement in Kenya led by Jomo Kenyatta
Christian - Protestant - Anglican (in the South) and Sunni Islam (in the North)
to divide into parts
British document that promised land in Palestine as homeland for Jews in exchange for Jews help in WWI
crisis in which Britain and France attempted to seize control of the Suez canal from Egypt
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
a political system in which one party controls the government and actively seeks to prevent other parties from contesting for power
Algerian War for Independence
Began in 1954 with Algerians campaigning for independence from France.
Biafran Civil War
Tried to create Republic of Biafra in Nigeria due to an ethnic problem, they lost.
Nonviolent opposition to authority, especially a refusal to cooperate with legal requirements.
a nationalist movement among the Jews to establish a home land in Palestine
Austrian journalist and founder of the Zionist movement urging the creation of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
movement in which Arabs sought to unite all Arabs into one state
the unity of all black Africans, regardless of national boundaries
A culture in West Africa that greatly celebrates the birth of a son.
Local mosque officials and prayer leaders within the Safavid Empire; agents of Safavid religious campaign to convert all of population to Shi'ism
A government controlled by religious leaders
A minority group in Turkey and neighboring countries
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones
the parent state of a colony
Niger River Delta
Triangular shaped landform at the mouth of the river, great for farming
the process by which organizations or businesses become owned and operated by the government
International Monetary Fund
a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies
A state in which interest groups become an institutionalized part of the structure.
Mexico's powerful state-owned oil monopoly.
North American Free Trade Agreement
Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
illegal organizations that control some parts of Mexico through terror and violence
relating to a large and important organization, such as a government, university or bank
seeks to undermine the existing political system.
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.