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87 terms

§upa - Jeopardy Terms - 9 - Early Cultures in Europe

A list of Jeopardy terms relating to early cultures in Europe.
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Warrior
Primary occupation of German men
Women, Slaves
Members of German society who did most of the work
Clan ( tribe )
Basic unit of German society
Vandals
German tribe that used its kingdom in North Africa as a base for pirate raids
Kingdom
Form of government set up by invading Germans
Huns
Fierce nomadic people from Asia who invaded Europe
Dark Ages
Term formerly used for the Early Middle Ages
Danube
River valley along the Roman Empire's border where many Germans settled
Woden ( Odin )
Chief German god
Thor
God of war and thunder
Ostrogoths
East Goths, driven westward by the Huns
Visigoths
West Goths; they capture and plundered Rome
Vandalism
A German tribe gave its name to this word; the willful and senseless destruction of property
Spain
European country occupied by Romans, then Vandals, then Visigoths
Anarchy
State of European society after the German invasions destroyed the Roman Empire
No Written Language
Why the Germans didn't write their own history
Valhalla
Where German warriors expected to spend their afterlife
Alaric
Visigoth king who led the sack of Rome in 410
People
Source of German law
Lombards
German tribe that moved across the Alps into northern Italy
Burgundians
German tribe that moved into central Gaul
Christianity
Religion the Frankish king and his warriors converted to
Church
Institution that supported the Franks after they converted
France
Modern-day country that takes its name from the Franks
Islam
Religion the invading Arabs hoped to spread throughout Europe
Charles the Great
English translation of both Charlemagne and Karl der Grosse
Rhine
River along which the Franks lived
Clovis
King who first brought all Franks under one rule
Religion, Language
Two characterisitics shared by most Franks that helped them to feel united
France
Modern country that developed from the Western Frankish kingdom
Germany
Modern country that developed from the Eastern Frankish kingdom
Charles Martel
Leader who defeated the invading Arabs
Battle of Tours
Battle of 732 in which the invading Arabs were defeated
Pepin ( the Short, III )
First Frankish king personally crowned by the pope
Charlemagne
Frankish king who became "Emperor of the Romans"
Slavs, Avars, Arabs ( Muslims )
The invading peoples defeated by Charlemagne
Education
Charlemagne made this available even to some lower-class children
Louis the Pious
Charlemagne's only surviving son
Treaty of Verdun
Agreement that divided the empire among Charlemagne's three grandsons
Paris
Capital of the Frankish kingdom under Clovis
Aix - la - Chapelle
Charlemagne's capital city
Magyars
Asian invaders who reminded Europeans of the Huns
Celts
Early inhabitants of Britain, who were conquered by Romans
Angles, Saxons, Jutes
Three Germanic tribes that invaded Britain around 450
Angles
Tribe that gave its name to England
Wales, Western Scotland, Ireland
Lands the Celts fled to from Britain
St. Patrick
Famed missionary who brought Christianity to Ireland
Peasant Class
Status of most English people
Picts, Scots
The two peoples of northern Britain (modern Scotland)
North Sea
Body of water crossed by the tribes that invaded Britain
Monasteries
Centers of culture in Ireland
St. Augustine
Head missionary to Anglo-Saxons
Canterbury
Center of the Christian church in England, as established by Augustine
Alfred the Great
King of Wessex who fought the invading Vikings
Danes
English term for invading Vikings
Beowulf
Epic Anglo-Saxon poem
Shires
Local districts of England
Sheriffs
Officials who governed local districts in England
Irish Sea
Body of water between Britain and Ireland
Northumbria
Important kingdom in northern England
Mercia
Important kingdom in central England
Wessex
Important kingdom in southern England
Gregory I
Pope who decided to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity
Ethelbert ( king of Kent )
Anglo-Saxon king who allowed the missionaries to teach about Christianity
Danelaw
Northeastern region of England ruled by the Vikings
Norsemen ( Northmen )
Europeans' term for Vikings
Scandinavia
Far northern Europe
Brutal and Pitiless in Fighting
A characteristic of Vikings that terrified Europeans
Shipbuilding
What the Vikings used much of their abundant timber for
Trade
Occupation of seafaring Vikings in addition to raiding
Warrior
Primary occupation of Viking men
Opening of trade routes, learning shipping skills
An advantage of Viking raids for Europeans
Norway
The three kingdoms of the Vikings
Schools
Vikings had none of these for their children
Odin ( Wotan )
King of the gods
Thor
God of thunder and lightning
Baltic Sea
Body of water crossed by Viking raiders heading toward Russia
Eric the Red
Norwegian adventurer who founded a colony on Greenland
Greenland, Iceland
The two North Atlantic islands colonized by Norwegian Vikings
Leif Eriksson
Eric the Red's son, who sailed to North America
Vinland
Vikings' name for the sport on the coast of North America where they landed
Atlantic Ocean
Body of water the Vikings crossed to get to Greenland and North America
Runes
Viking letters of the alphabet
Eddas
Heroic or mythic poems of the Vikings
Sagas
Heroic stories of the Vikings
Canute
Danish ruler who became king of England
Normandy
Area of France where Danes settled in large numbers