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2nd Semester Midterm Exam Review Guide Winter 2013
Terms in this set (43)
1. Length of 1800s GA school year & why
School-aged children were needed to work on farms and in mills and factories for much of the year.
2. Major industries of the New South
textiles, forest products, and mining.
3. The term "NEW SOUTH": Who created it & what did it mean?
Henry Grady: The South began to change in the areas of business, industrialization, agriculture, race relations, and social change.
4. Bourbon Triumvirate: Who were they? How did they earn their nickname & what was their impact on Georgia?
Brown, Colquitt and Gordon
Expanding business and industry
Reducing the huge war debts
5. Convict Lease System: How did it work? What were its negative impacts on our state & the nation?
The convict lease labor reduced the number of jobs available, which resulted in an increase in the number of unemployed among the poorest economic classes.
6. Term: Strike
work stoppage in protest over grievances
7. Beliefs of the Progressive movement. What areas did it bring about the most change?
-government could correct the ills of society
-industry and agriculture
8. Who was Upton Sinclair & what was his impact on the Progressive era?
The author of The Jungle, changes in the meat-packing industry
9. Plessy vs. Ferguson: What was this case? What was its impact on society?
-decision made separate-but-equal schools, or segregated schools, the law of the land
10. Jim Crow Laws: What were they? Examples
Laws passed to establish separate-but-equal facilities
11. Who was Tom Watson & what were his major accomplishments?
Populist politician- Rural Free Delivery Bill
12. 18th & 19th Amendment
18th- prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages
19th- gave women the right to vote
13. Women's Christian Temperance Union: What they stood for? Major leaders
the prohibition of alcohol.
reform movement worked to ban the production and use of alcoholic beverages
14. Beliefs of Booker T. Washington
economic equality was much more important than social equality
political and social equality for African Americans would come from economic independence.
15. Various ways in which voting rights were restricted
Taking a literacy test
Meeting a property requirement
16. What vote is required to pass a bill in the House or the Senate?
A majority vote
17. How many Supreme Court justices are there in Georgia?
Seven justices elected by popular vote to six-year terms of office
18. How many years can a Lieutenant Governor serve in a row (consecutive)?
19. How many years can a Governor serve in a row (consecutive)?
20. What are the requirements to be governor of Georgia?
30 years old
resident of Georgia for at least six years
U.S. citizen for at least fifteen years
21. What is the first place a juvenile goes if he is detained?
22. What is the difference between a juvenile or delinquent act and a status offense?
Status- not adult crime
Delinquent- an adult crime
23. What are the two main political parties?
Democratic and Republican
24. What are representatives of special interest groups called? Who has most influence on GA gov't?
25. What is the largest branch of government?
26. What types of punishment can & cannot a judge give a juvenile?
-place students on probation or release them into the custody of their parents
-fine students or sentence them to jail terms and mandatory school attendance
-alternative programs such as boot camps
Status Offense- An act that would not be considered a crime if committed by an adult
Misdemeanor- Less serious crimes, punishable by less than one year in prison and fines of less than $1,000 or both
Intake- Juvenile is suspected of a criminal act and taken into custody, the police must first turn the defendant over
Delinquent Act- An offense that would be a crime if committed by an adult
28. Why were the 1920s considered "roaring"? (explain)
The good-times atmosphere supported roaring parties
29. In which ways was life in the home changing in the 1920s (new inventions, conveniences)?
Methods for freezing foods
Commercial radio stations
30. The 3 R's of the New Deal
Main intention: relieve the suffering of the unemployed.
31. What was "Black Tuesday"?
The day the nation's stock market "crashed," plunging the country into a depression
32. Who was the U.S. President at the beginning of the Great Depression? Who became president DURING the Great Depression?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
33. Members of the Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
34. Dictator of Germany from 1933-1945
35. U.S. pro-Britain & anti-Japan policies/actions prior to Pearl Harbor attack on December 7, 1941
-lend-lease aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
36. Roles of women in U.S. home front during WWII
-pilot new planes to military bases.
-serve as nurses and clerks
-worked in factories
37. Location of FDR's "Little White House" in Georgia
Warm Springs GA also where he died
38. "Father of the two-ocean navy"
39. 2 sites in Georgia where Liberty ships were constructed during WWII
Brunswick and Savannah
40. Examples of rationed items during WWII
Foods such as meat, butter, and sugar
Problems with Georgia in the 1920s
-loss of thousands of farms.
Organization to bring about racial equality in the United States:
National Urban League
The right of students to a free public education in Georgia are dependent upon:
following reasonable rules, dress codes, and behavior codes.
attending school between the ages of six and sixteen.
working with school authorities to prevent violence in schools and at school events.
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