Terms in this set (20)
Must have higher amounts of neutrons to buffer the repulsive forces within nucleus.
Based on the number of Protons in the Nucleus of an Atom. The proton is the only subatomic particle you can use for this with 100% accuracy
Matter or Energy that has been emitted from a radioactive nucleus. Alpha Particles, Beta Particles, and Gamma Rays are all forms of Radiation.
Clean Energy, ZERO Air pollution, there is the radioactive nuclear waste, but we will continue to improve storage Solutions for that.
Defines how the element acts "personality"
Different versions of atoms with the same element identify. The only difference between these versions of the same element is the amount of neutrons in the nucleus, this results in a different atomic mass.
The amount of time it takes for half of a radioactive sample to decay (transmutate). So after a certain amount of time, only half of the remaining atoms have the same identity, the other half have transmutated via nuclear decay.
Radiation in the form of the highest frequency and highest ENERGY wave. It has NO Mass, NO Charge, and nearly unstoppable except by very dense materials such as lead, or a couple feet thick of concrete.
An Atom that can actively radiate Particles/Energy via nuclear decay processes.
An atom whose nucleus has decayed, and as a result the number of protons has changed.
When an unstable nucleus decays to a more stable form, during this process radiation is emitted (shot out).
A type of hazardous waste that consists of a variety of radioactive waste materials; most of this comes from the production of nuclear power, but a small fraction is from decommissioned nuclear warheads and other activities.
Largest Mass and Charge, but the weakest form of radiation. Emitted from the nucleus as 2 protons and 2 neutrons, could also be referred to as a Helium Nucleus.
a nuclear reaction in which a heavy nucleus splits spontaneously or on impact with another particle, forming two new "daughter" nuclei and releasing a ton of ENERGY
2 isotopes of light elements (H) forced together at high temperatures and pressures till they fuse to form a heavier nucleus. This is the reaction that drives the stars.
An atom that has changed its electron structure by gaining or losing electrons from an octet.
a high-speed electron with a 1- charge that is emitted during radioactive decay. Yes, This Electron comes from the nucleus, and NO there are not electrons in the nucleus.
Positive Charged Ion
An Ion that has lost an electron
Negative Charged Ion
An Ion that has gained an electron
The graph represents the timeline of nuclear decay. It can be described mathematically as....
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States of Matter
Ionic bonds and Covalent bonds