Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Survey EXAM 4
Terms in this set (106)
Identify the components that make up female external genitalia.
mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, greater vestibular glands, perineum.
Where are the fimbriae located?
on the ends of the fallopian tubes
The cervix is part of what female internal reproductive organ?
Rising levels of what hormone trigger onset of puberty in males and females?
What is another term for the menstrual period?
Which diagnostic method does not permit visualization of reproductive organs?
Which statement about pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is not true?
The age of a woman is not a contributing factor to develop PID.
Which is the medical term for fibroid tumors, the most common tumors of the female reproductive system.
What is the most important risk factor for developing cervical cancer?
becoming infected with human papillomavirus
Select the statement about breast cancer that is not true.
Women should begin self-screening for breast cancer in their 40s.
Which statement about ectopic pregnancy is not true?
Ectopic pregnancy can continue to term with early diagnosis.
What is the most common cause of blocked or scarred fallopian tubes?
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, occurs in an estimated ________ of all fertilized ova, usually before the woman knows she is pregnant.
What is the cause of most spontaneous abortions?
genetic abnormality of the fetus
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are spread by___________ oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse.
In the United States, about 20 million new cases of STIs occur annually, almost half among people ages __________.
What do syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis all have in common?
They are all curable infections.
Which statement about gonorrhea is not true?
Most people infected with gonorrhea experience pain or burning while urinating and a green discharge.
Which stage of syphilis is characterized by a non-itchy, widespread rash?
Which statement about menopause is not true?
Menopause is an age-related disease of the female reproductive system.
Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus slides from its normal position into the vaginal canal. Which statement about uterine prolapse is not true?
Never giving birth is a risk factor for uterine prolapse.
What is cystocele?
downward displacement of the bladder into the vagina
Signs and symptoms of rectocele may include __________ and _________ incontinence.
Enlargement of the prostate gland, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), effects _________ of men in their 70s and 80s.
What is the function of the endocrine system?
to secrete chemical messengers into the blood
When does the body secrete hormones?
only as needed to regulate various body processes
What is the function of the posterior pituitary gland?
The ADH hormone stimulates water absorption by the kidneys and oxytocin aids in the ejection of prostate gland secretions.
Which hormone(s) regulate(s) salt balance?
What are the two iodine-containing hormones of the thyroid gland?
thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Which hormone causes sodium retention and potassium secretion by the kidneys?
Trauma to the pituitary gland results in which disorder?
What are some causes of pituitary dwarfism?
genetics, tumor, radiation
What is the treatment of choice for acromegaly?
Which disease is characterized by risk factors such as, being female, over 50, and having an autoimmune disorder?
Failure of the thyroid gland to migrate to its normal anatomical position results from which condition?
What are the signs and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism?
GI disturbances, abdominal pain, vomiting, and constipation
A decrease in which hormone manifests in a decrease in lean body mass in men after age 30?
A decrease in the kidney's ability to secrete renin as we age may result in which symptoms?
changes in blood pressure and dehydration
A decrease in insulin resistance leads to a greater incidence of which disease?
What organs compose the central nervous system, integrating and interpreting sensory output, and directing all activities of the body?
brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system is controlled by _________________________.
What is the basic unit of the nervous system?
What type of neuron sends messages to muscles from the central nervous system, causing muscle contractions?
In what part of the brain do intelligence and personality reside?
Traumatic injury to the brain may result from ____________________.
external physical force
What noninvasive test records the brain's electrical activity?
What is the leading cause of traumatic brain injury?
Which is a symptom of the traumatic brain injury called concussion?
short-term loss of consciousness
Severe traumatic brain injuries are involved in what percentage of injury-related deaths in the U.S.?
The type of generalized epileptic seizure that has symptoms of repeated jerking movements of muscles on both sides of the body is ______________.
What type of generalized epileptic seizure has symptoms of loss of normal muscle tone?
What is a symptom of myoclonic seizure?
jerking or twitching of the upper body and arms
The type of generalized epileptic seizure that is referred to as petit mal and includes symptoms of daydreaming is ______________________.
What type of generalized epileptic seizure is referred to as grand mal and includes a mixture of all generalized seizure symptoms?
Which risk factor for stroke is uncontrollable?
What is the cause of the sudden interruption of blood flow to part of the brain during stroke?
burst blood vessel
How many people have strokes in the U.S. each year?
How many people does stroke kill in the U.S. each year?
What percentage of all strokes result from a burst blood vessel?
Disorders of the cranial nerves may affect _________________________.
Inflammation of the cranial nerves is associated with _______________.
What is the main symptom of trigeminal neuralgia?
severe chronic pain
What is another name for trigeminal neuralgia?
The cause of trigeminal neuralgia may be related to __________________.
demyelation of neurons
How many cases of meningitis and how many deaths from the disease are there in the U.S. each year?
4,000 cases and 500 deaths
Meningitis is an acute inflammation of the ______________________.
What is the most common type of meningitis?
How is encephalitis diagnosed?
What body parts does the poliomyelitis virus infect?
What percentage of people over age 85 have Alzheimer's disease?
What abnormalities appear in Alzheimer's disease brain tissue?
dense knots of protein deposits called plaques
Which is a symptom of Alzheimer's disease?
loss of spatial and temporal orientation
What degenerative central nervous system disease begins with memory loss and confusion?
What is the life expectancy of a person who has been diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
The cause of spina bifida is _____________________________.
a neural tube defect
In what form of spina bifida does an opening expose the spinal cord?
What is the treatment for spina bifida?
Of the four million babies born in the U.S. each year, how many are born with spina bifida?
How many children are born with the common birth defect, hydrocephalus, in the U.S.?
1 in 500 births
How many new cases of brain tumors occur in the U.S. each year?
How many people die from brain tumors each year in the U.S.?
What are brain tumors?
abnormal masses of tissue
What type of brain tumor arises from other cancers?
Which group has the most cases of brain tumor?
Which disease is associated with older age?
Aging is a factor in _____.
Which disease typically has its onset in middle age?
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
What is the average onset age of Parkinson's disease?
What percentage of Parkinson's disease cases occur as early-onset cases before age 50?
What is the portion of the outer ear that is external to the skull called?
What is the name of the waxy substance that keeps the tympanic membrane soft and flexible?
Which part of the ear is sensitive to head position and motion?
vestibular apparatus and semicircular canals
Which part of the eye controls the amount of light entering the eyeball?
A 38-year-old male presents with difficulty reading small print and focusing on near objects. What type of eye problem is he experiencing?
Risk factors for presbyopia are age and family history.
What is the most common risk factor for myopia?
What is the leading cause of blindness in the United States among adults?
A 50-year-old female with a history of smoking states she had difficulty seeing sharp images. What eye disorder is associated with these symptoms?
Becky is a 36-year-old- female with a history of nearsightedness. She complains of sudden appearance of flashes of light while she was reading. What eye condition is Becky experiencing?
After the age of 60, what group is at the greatest risk for glaucoma?
By age 65, almost half of all Americans have some degree of cataract formation and resulting impaired vision.
A 68-year-old male presents with tinnitus, right earache, and diminished hearing on the right side. He states he uses cotton tip swabs every day to clean his ears. What ear condition is he experiencing?
Otitis media occurs in more than 5 million children each year.
Drying the external ear opening after bathing or swimming will not prevent otitis externa.
With age, the lens increases in thickness and decreases in elasticity, making it more difficult to accommodate and focus on objects at a close distance.
Falls are not the leading cause of injury in older adults.
Sets with similar terms
Med Term CH10:2
MT Chapter 10 Part 2
Chapter 15 Patho
Other sets by this creator
Block 4 Exam
Immunology Block 4 Exam
Immunology Module 4 Quiz
Immunology Block 1 Exam
Other Quizlet sets
Science Chapter 10 Ecosystems
Psychological Science Unit 1 Test
Iclicker unit one
PSYC 163 Midterm 1