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Mood & Bipolar Disorders
Terms in this set (40)
The diagnosis of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder incorporates which two problems?
Mood and behavior problems together
To receive the diagnosis of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder symptoms must be severe in how many settings?
Must be present in 2 out of 3 settings, severe in at least 1
What age frame does Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder address?
First diagnosis can't be before age 6 or after age 18. Onset of criteria must be before age 10
For PDD, children need to display symptoms for only ___ year, adults it is ___ years.
1 ; 2
What are some of the main differences between PDD and MDD
MDD is more severe symptoms for a shorter time period. MDD has an abrupt/sudden onset with a huge difference in how they typically function
What symptoms of criteria A does PDD not have that MDD does.
Psychomotor agitation/retardation, feelings of worthlessness
Criteria E of MDD is ruling out which disorder?
When addressing major depressive episode specifiers the presence of psychotic features can be _____ or _____.
Mood-congruent or mood-incongruent
How many symptoms do we need to meet criteria for a manic episode?
at least 3 symptoms (four if mood is irritable)
Name 2 symptoms of a manic episode
1. Inflated self-esteem/grandiosity.
2. Decreased need for sleep.
3. More talkative and pressured speech.
4. Flight of ideas/racing thoughts.
6. Increased goal directed activity or psychomotor agitation.
7. Excessive involvement in activities with high potential for painful consequences.
How many days must symptoms persist to meet criteria for a hypomanic episode?
4 consecutive days
What is one of the major differences in hypo and manic behavior?
(Criteria E) Not severe enough to cause impairment in functioning or hospitalization
What two things must be present for a Bipolar 2 diagnosis?
At least one hypomanic episode and at least one major depressive episode
How is a cyclothymic disorder different from full blown Bipolar disorder
All of the same symptoms are there but the symptoms do not meet criteria for a manic/hypomanic episode and periods with depressive symptoms don't meet criteria for a depressive episode
For Bipolar I diagnosis what do we need?
For Bipolar II diagnosis what can we never have?
For cyclothymic diagnosis we can't have a manic, hypomanic or depressive episode that ___.
meet full criteria
Bipolar rates increase after _____.
*T/F: Bipolar disorder affects males and females equally
What % of teens with Bipolar Disorder have psychotic features
What is the average episode length for a dysthymic disorder?
What percent of kids with MDD have another comorbid disorder?
What percent of children with MDD will go on to develop Bipolar Disorder?
What disorder is most common comorbid with bipolar disorders (90% in children, 40-60% in teens)
Which anxiety disorder is most commonly comorbid with Bipolar disorder?
Name one of the genetic and biological models that pose as risk factors for depression
Abnormal cortisol regulation, left prefrontal cortex hypoactivation
Diathesis-stress model refers to what 2 things that are present?
Environmental factors and biological risks
Hostile/intrusive and unresponsive parenting is associated with what?
Research with adults suggests that Bipolar is a result of what two things?
genetic vulnerability and environmental factors
*Prevalence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
*T/F: Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder is present more often in females
*What is the prevalence of MDD in children ages 4-18?
*T/F: Before puberty there is no gender differences in MDD
*PDD affects _% of children and _% of adolescents
1 ; 5
*For Bipolar Disorder, what is the lifetime prevalence rates?
*Most common comorbid disorders with MDD are what? (4)
Anxiety disorders (2-8%), Conduct problems/ODD (6.6%), ADHD (5.5%), Substance Use Disorder
*Which disorder shows up 90% of the time in children and 40-60% of the time in teens with Bipolar disorders?
*Which comorbid disorder with Bipolar is more common in younger children (25-79%)
*Child depression is associated with minimal expressed emotion, ___ nurturance and ____ punitiveness
low ; high
What disorders can Disruptive Mood Dysregulation not be comorbid with? (Criterion J)
Cannot be comorbid with: ODD, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, or Bipolar Disorder
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