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World Geography Chapter 20 Review
Terms in this set (64)
The Transition Zone transitions between the Islamic cultures of the north and the Christian and ___ cultures of the south.. believe that nature and other objects have spirits
Once one of the largest wetlands in Africa, the northern section of ___ dried up during a drought in the 1970s.
The Transition Zone's "coastline" of vegetation at the edge of the desert marks the region's transition from desert lowland to elevated plateaus typical of ___ topography
The damming of the ___ in the 1960s created a huge human-made lake in Ghana
The drainage basin of the ___ encompasses over 170,000 square miles (450,000 sq. km.) and is managed by multi-country organization.
The Arabic word Sahel means
It is a hot, dry wind that rids the air of its humidity
Why do residents of the Sahel welcome the harmattan?
The Sahel is a ___ of vegetation that stretches 3,700 miles (6,000 km) from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean.
low-growing grasses, shrubs, and acacia and baobab trees
The vegetation of the Sahel is
4 to 8 inches
the average annual rainfall in the Sahel is
A trading empire in the western part of the Transition Zone during the 15th century that was overtaken by the Moroccans
a trading empire in Ethiopia from about AD 100 to AD 77
the ruler of an empire in the Transition Zone who gained fame for his pilgrimage to Makkah
a trading empire in the western part of the Transition Zone that flourished and spread Islam from the 13-16th century
an African empire that controlled Egyptian territory from about 2000 BC to about 1500 BC in what is now Sudan
A decades-long conflict between south and north ___ killed about 300,000 people
Is rapidly growing
the population of the Transition Zone
Extended families headed by a male family member
Most people in the transition Zone live in
Grows crops primarily to feed his or her family, selling any small surplus
In Subsistence farming, a farmer
Most countries kept the boundaries created by colonial rulers
Which statement about post-colonial Africa is true?
Changes in demand and climate have decreased the availability of water in the Lake Chad Basin (T/F)
Humanitarian aid that poured into the region following the drought of the mid-20th century resulted in beneficial water management practices (T/F)
Better water management will help to increase food security and reduce poverty (T/F)
The region's most successful projects to combat the effects of desertification have been those led by international groups such as the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
Most international agencies believe there is little that can be done to reduce the effects of desertification in the Transition Zone
caused by both human activities and variations in climate
using drip irrigation for farming
An example of successful water management being practiced in the Transition Zone is
a barrier of trees to stop the spread of the Sahara
The Great Green Wall is a plan to create
cotton and rice farmers
Lake Chad is being polluted by
Promote understanding of the subregion's aquifers
`The International Atomic Energy Association is working with 13 countries in the subregion to
One of the world's largest human made lakes
Which part of the transition zone receives the most rainfall?
Islamic-oriented governments versus secular
A decade-old conflict in Sudan that ended in 2005 was based on the dispute over
Mainly flat with a series of plateaus
what is the topography of the Sahel?
an area where a river slows down and spreads into many small channels
to tame such as wild animals
the practice of passing down stories from one generation to the next by word of mouth
a body of water that forms the border of Mauritania
in what part of the Transition Zone are nuclear families rapidly replacing extended families?
a hot, dry wind that blows from the northeast or east in the western Sahara
About how wide is the Transition Zone at its widest point?
A body of water that was once a major source of freshwater but is now significantly depleted
Great Green Wall
a plan that calls for a wall of trees to divide the semi-arid from the Sahara
to be headed by a male family member
its countries' political boundaries
One of the legacies of the Transition Zone's colonial past is
a social unit made up of a husband, wife, and children
destruction of plant roots compacting of soil caused by too many livestock being pastured in
a wealthy trading center that once was part of the Mali Empire
to regulate European Colonization in Africa
What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference of 1884?`
an area in which the properties of the land undergo a radical change
adopting agriculture methods that put less stress on the land
Which action would produce the best results toward combating desertification?
a steppe region extending from the Senegal to Somalia that receives little rainfall
a rapidly growing population
which challenge makes is especially difficult to combat desertification in the Transition Zone?
the disposal of waste products
a large group of people descended from the same ancestor
the major city in Sudan where the Blue Nile River and the White Nile River meet
no because the ground is too dry to absorb the water
Would a period of heavy rainfalls help the Transition Zone to combat desertification
population of the Transition zone to double b/w 2020-2050
What statement about the Transition Zone is true?
`The Akosombo Dam on the Volta River
Which water project flooded more than 700 villages forcing 1000s of people to move to new homes?
Which river is known by many name, all of which mean "great river"?
subsistence farming and semi-nomadic herding
Most people in the transition zone make their living by
which country has some of the world's largest deposits of uranium, as well as oil, gold, and coal
to find water and vegetation when an area dries up
Cheetahs, lions, and other wildlife roam for part of the year
May to August
When does most rainfall in the Transition Zone?
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