Terms in this set (60)
Raises the pitch
"Neutral" state of a note. It has the power to
cancel a sharp or fiat sign. It remains in
effect for the entire measure.
Lowers the pitch
Tells Us what notes to play sharp, flat or
natural for the ENTIRE piece of music.
Top note tells us how many beats are in a
measure. Bottom note tells us what type of
note gets the beat.
Two beats per measure,
Half note gets one beat
Time signature that looks like the letter "C" or
4/4. Quarter note gets one beat and there
are 4 beats in a measure.
When the key signature changes WITHIN a
piece of music.
Note(s) that are altered (different) from the key
Go to the sign
Return to the very beginning. "To the head"
Ending section of a piece of music.
Stop where "Fine" is written. "To the end"
The distance between 2 notes
Two or more notes played simultaneously.
A chord, played one note at a time.
Sometimes referred to as a broken chord.
To play in tune.
More pronounced than surrounding notes;
detached bowing style
Play the same note quickly or rapidly
Two or more notes played in the same bow
direction with a stop between each note.
To play with a sudden, loud emphasis of a
Emphasize the note. Add weight or increase
the speed at the beginning of the bow stroke
To hold (continue playing) a note longer than
normal. Conductor will signal when to stop.
To play smooth and connected
A note marked with a dot that is played with a
stopped bow stroke
Very slow- broad
At a walking tempo
Quick and lively
A fast and bright tempo
Medium or moderate tempo
To return to the original tempo
To gradually slow down the tempo
Slow and stately. Not as slow as largo.
To play softly
To play moderately soft
To play moderately loud
To play loudly
To play very loudly
To gradually get louder
To gradually get softer
To gradually get softer
Dotted Eighth Note
Three sixteenth notes equal a dotted
A group of three notes spread evenly
across one beat.
Dotted Quarter Note
Three eighth notes equal a dotted quarter
note. Worth one and a half beats
Half a beat of sound. It has one flag at the top of the stem.
Half a beat of silence.
A quarter beat of sound. It has two
flags on the stem.
A quarter beat of silence.
Two notes that sound the same but have
Smallest distance between two notes.
From key to key on the piano; NO keys
Two half steps combined
Each note of the scale has a special name and a number(only worried about #)
Order Of Sharps
F C G D A E B
Order Of Flats
B E A D G C F
Order of Sharps Backwards(FCGDAEB)
Natural Minor Scale
One of the three variations of a minor scale
Harmonic Minor Scale
Same as the natural minor scale but the 7th scale degree is raised by a half step.
Melodic Minor Scale
Same as the natural minor scale except the 6th and 7th scale degree are raised a half step ascending up the scale and lowered a half step descending down the scale.
A scale consisting of 12 notes
8 notes made of whole steps and half steps