95 terms

1st term test

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Terms in this set (...)

Silently and in single file
How do we walk down the hallways?
Guido
What was the name of the monk from Arezzo that created the musical staff?
Vibration, Amplification, Power Source
What three things are needed to create a sound?
5 lines, 4 spaces
How many lines are on a musical staff?
How many spaces?
how many beats are in the measure
What does the top number in the time signature indicate.
which note gets the beat.
What does the bottom note of the time signature indicate?
A leger line
What type of line is used to extend the staff?
Measures
What do barlines divide the music into?
4
How many quarter notes are in a whole note?
Barlines
What type of line is used to divide up a piece of music into manageable parts?
The Janissary
What is the name of the Persian military band?
The Nevel
A unique instrument that is both a stringed instrument and a drum.
Three
The Qanun is a middle eastern lap harp that has 26 sets of strings. How many strings are in each set?
A swaying motion
What does a "snake charmer" use to "hypnotize" his snake?
The Tanbur
A Middle Eastern lute that has a very long neck to accommodate the 24 note scale from that region.
Five
The Adhan is a call used by Muslims to remind them when it is time to pray. How many times a day can you hear the Adhan?
The Kawala
A Middle Eastern reed flute that is placed at a 45 degree angle from the mouth so that it will split the air.
The Cello
The Ghaychak is a Middle Eastern string instrument that is held between the legs of the person playing it, similar to what more familiar instrument?
The Ram
The Shofar is jewish trumpet that is made from the horn of what animal?
The Haka
What is the name of the Maori war dance that uses scary faces, loud growls and heavy movements?
Beeswax
What do that aboriginal people of Australia use to make the mouth pieces of the Didgeridoo?
The Bullroarer
The Purerehua is a blade shaped instrument that is swung by a rope to communicate over long distances. It is similar to what Australian instrument?
Hula Kahiko
There are two kinds of Hula dance: Hula 'Auana uses modern western music and is more graceful. The other is more traditional, is accompanied by percussion and chant, and the movements are more rythmic. What is the other style of Hula called?
The Hano
A flute that is blown from the nose.
The Ukulele
A four-stringed Hawaiian lute.
Death Whistle
What type of instrument was carved to look like a human skull?
It changes the pitch
What does placing your hand in a Conch Shell while blowing through it do?
A Drum
The Cuica looks like what instrument? Even though it is played by moving a waxed stick through the bottom of the instrument.
Instruments in a Mariachi Band
Violin, Trumpet, Guitar, Harp, Vihuela, Guitarron.
Old Oil Drums
Steel Drums are made from pounding out what discarded container?
Mallets
The Teponatzli is a log drum that has slits cut into the sides. What do you use to strike this drum?
Cirlce Breathing
The Quena is an Incan Transverse flute. What technique is used to allow this flute to be played without a break in the sound?
Inuit Throat Singing
Sung as a game or contest between women.
A bear
The Qilaut, an Inuit drum, is accompanied with a dance that mimics what animal?
Ute Hoop Dance
Dance utilizing many wooden hoops placed in intricate patterns around and over the body.
Buffalo Horn
The Native American rattle we saw had a wooden handle attached to a hollowed out what?
A Drum
The Navajo Chant uses deep, mellow tones. It is accompanied by a pulse played on what?
only one
How many drums are used in a Peblo Drumming Circle?
Sweeden
What country is the Nykelharpa from?
None
How many holes does the Seljefloyte have?
Nine
How many strings does the Langeliek have?
Balalaika
What is the name of the 3-stringed European lute that comes in 5 sizes?
Jaleyka
If you attach a double-reed mouthpiece to a cow's horn what instrument do you create?
lute and zither
The Bandura is a combination of what two instruments?
Klezmer
What do you call the Yiddish band that ususally consists of a clarinet, accordian, trumpet, trombone, piano and percussion?
Double
Does the mandolin have single or double strings?
Wood
Two materials are used when making castanets. They are string and _____?
Launeddas
The "triple clarinet" uses one drone and two chanters to produce three pitches at once. What is it's other name?
Just intonation
The Lira uses what kind of tuning?
So you can play two notes at the same time.
Why does the Hackbrett have 3 bridges?
Hurdy Gurdy
What instrument is considered a manual violin?
Step Dance
If someone were making intricate foot and leg motions while keeping their upper body stiff what would they be doing?
Both
Do you pluck or strum a lute?
Drum
The Bodhran is a traditional Irish ______?
Polyrhythm, Responsorial Form, Ostinato and Use of Percussion
List the four characteristics of African World Music that are given
One
How many strings does the Anghbindi have
Yodeling
Yelli is a full-voiced singing that sounds similar to what other style of singing?
Mbira or Kalimba
Name one of the two instruments that has metal keys that you pluck with your thumbs
On the ground
When playing the Nyatiti you can hold it to your chest or _____. (fill in the blank)
So they can dance while playing
Why do the simplify the drumming in East African Drumming?
Soft
Is a Marimba made from softwood or hardwood?
Madagascar
The Valiha is the national instrument of what country?
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
What is the name of the world famous singing group from South Africa?
Both
Is the Djembe performed in groups or as a solo instrument?
By squeezing the leather straps
When playing the Talking Drum how does the player alter the pitch?
Erhu
An instrument with two strings
Pipa
A Chinese lute that has four strings
Peking Opera
Uses a nasal timbre to project sound over long distances
Taiko
Japanese drums. Played in groups with dramatic and choreographed movements.
Shamisen
A Japanese lute that has 3 strings
Harmonica
The Sho is a Japanese flute that has many vertical bamboo pipes. Which American instrument does it sound like?
Hichiriki
A double reed flute used in religious ceremonies
Shakkuhachi
A Japanese flute
Sitar
An Indian string instrument with over 20 strings.
Tabla
A set of two Indian drums. They are played at high speeds with both the fingers and the palm
Bollywood
Each year it produces more movies than America
Gamelan
A collection of percussion instruments that are built together and meant to be played together.
They destroy the entire set
What happens if one instrument in a Gamelan is broken?
Tuvan Throat Singing
Utilizes harmonics to sing two pitches at the same time.
Japanese instruments
Shakuhachi, Shamisen, Sho
Chinese instruments
Erhu, Pipa
Indian instruments
Sitar, Tabla
Monophonic
Means: "one-sound" and refers to all performers singing the same thing.
Stone Age
Classified by the use of stonework
Bone
Flutes from the stone age were mostly made from what material
It is hollow
Why was bone good for making flutes?
Bronze Age
What age would have used copper or gold on weapons and instruments?
Iron Age
What Age would have used steel?
Metal
During the Bronze and Iron ages instruments were made of wood, animal skins, string and what other type of material?
They were able make more complex instruments.
Between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age there was a big jump in technology. How did this jump affect the way instruments were made?
Very cold
What was the temperature like during the Medieval Age?
Medieval Age
Plainchant was first heard during which age?
Plainchant
What style of song also became known as Gregorian Chant?
In certain Masses and in popular music.
Where can you hear Plainsong being sung today?
Monophonic, sung A Capella, and sung in Latin
What are three characteristics of Plainchant?