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US History UNIT D: [Ramsey BHS Spring 2019]

Terms in this set (34)

the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War. In the six weeks from 10 May 1940, German forces defeated Allied forces by mobile operations and conquered France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, bringing land operations on the Western Front to an end until 6 June 1944. Italy entered the war on 10 June 1940 and invaded France over the Alps.

In Fall Gelb (Case Yellow), German armoured units pushed through the Ardennes and then along the Somme valley, cutting off and surrounding the Allied units that had advanced into Belgium, to meet the expected German invasion. When British, Belgian and French forces were pushed back to the sea by the mobile and well-organised German operation, the British evacuated the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and French divisions from Dunkirk in Operation Dynamo.

German forces began Fall Rot (Case Red) on 5 June. The sixty remaining French divisions and two British divisions made a determined resistance but were unable to overcome the German air superiority and armoured mobility. German tanks outflanked the Maginot Line and pushed deep into France, occupying Paris unopposed on 14 June. After the flight of the French government and the collapse of the French army, German commanders met with French officials on 18 June to negotiate an end to hostilities.

On 22 June, the Second Armistice at Compiègne was signed by France and Germany. The neutral Vichy government led by Marshal Philippe Pétain superseded the Third Republic and Germany occupied the north and west coasts of France and their hinterlands. Italy took control of a small occupation zone in the south-east and the Vichy regime retained the unoccupied territory in the south, known as the zone libre. In November 1942, the Germans occupied the zone under Case Anton (Fall Anton), until the Allied liberation in 1944.
Pros of Dropping the Atomic Bomb
1. Japan Avoided Being Invaded
If the United States did not drop the atomic bomb, Japan may have been turned into a colony of the United States. America had been preparing to invade Japan and take over when the atomic bomb became available. They decided this would be a better option to limit the amount of American lives that would have been lost if they invaded.

2. Saves Many Lives
The aim of the U.S. in dropping the atomic bomb was to save hundreds of lives of American soldiers. The U.S. was the very first country to develop an atomic bomb, their focus of using in it Hiroshima and Nagasaki was to show the world that they had it. This, inadvertently saved lives around the entire world.

3. All Japan POW's Released
All American POW's were released from Japan after the bomb was dropped in the two biggest cities of the country.

4. Peace
Although the United States achieved superpower, the country kept peace balanced across their different allies around the world. Having the atomic bomb and other nations observing its destructive power, peace talks and negotiations quickly began.

4 Cons of Dropping the Atomic Bomb
1. Starvation
Many Japanese reportedly suffered from starvation. This is because the Japanese army took all of the food reserves and resources left after the bomb had been dropped. Massive cases of death due to hunger were reported in Japan. In fact, the number of deaths due to hunger is more than the number of casualties after the bomb was dropped.

2. Not Enough Time for Peace Negotiation
The Japanese were thought to surrender or to give up due to massive side attacks of the U.S. If the U.S. has demonstrated the effects of the bomb sooner, the Japanese could have been convinced to surrender and avoided the loss of lives. The United States did not give enough time to the Japanese to know that the bomb will hit Hiroshima as well as Nagasaki. It could have helped prevent the lost of civilian lives.

3. Cost
The United States spent $2 billion for the atomic bombs development, and many believed that the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing was done only to justify the billion dollar project.

4. Massive Deaths
Japan sacrificed tens of thousands of civilian lives just to prove supreme power between the Soviet Union and the United States.

The United States and Japan have not predicted the aftermath of the bombing that led to massive loss of lives. However, the bombing has made Japan realize that they do not have supreme power over the U.S. Also, the bombing has made Japan withdrew its army from other countries that it has invaded, particularly in Asia.