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49 terms

AP/IB Literature I Mid-Term Vocab

Definitions taken from the New Oxford American Dictionary. Definitions are of the words WITHOUT parenthesis added.
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Assertion
{noun} a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief [with clause]
Clarity
{noun} the quality of being clear, in particular of coherence and intelligibility, being easy to see or hear, being certain or definite, or transparency or purity
Cogent
{adjective} (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing
Coherent
{adjective} 1.(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent 2. united as or forming a whole
Cohesive
{adjective} Characterized by or causing the action or fact of forming a united whole
Didactic
{adjective} intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive
Discourse
{noun} written or spoken communication or debate
Eloquence
{noun} fluent or persuasive speaking or writing
Emphasize
{verb [transitive] } give special importance or prominence to (something) in speaking or writing
Fluid
{noun} substance that has no fixed shape and yields easily to external pressure
{adjective} (of a substance) able to flow easily
Implication
{noun} 1. the conclusion that can be drawn from something, although it is not explicitly stated 2. the action or state of being involved in something
Lucid
{adjective} expressed clearly; easy to understand
Rhetoric
{noun} the art of persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques
Arbiter
{noun} a person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter
Bias(-ed)
{noun} prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair
Exculpate
{verb [transitive]} show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing
Impartial
{adjective} treating all rivals or disputants equally; fair and just
Incontrovertible
{adjective} not able to be denied or disputed
Integrity
{noun} 1. The quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness
Objective(-ity)
{adjective} (of a person or their judgment) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts
Penitent
{adjective} feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant
{noun} a person who repents their sins or wrongdoings and (in the Christian Church) seeks forgiveness from God
Plausible
{adjective} (of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable
Substantiate(-d)
{verb} provide evidence to support or prove truth of
Vindicate(-d)
{verb [transitive]} clear (someone) of blame or suspicion
Condescending
{adjective} acting in a way that betrays a feeling of patronizing superiority
Contemptuous
{adjective} showing contempt; scornful
Despot(-ic)
{noun} a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way
Dictatorial
{adjective} of or typical of a ruler with total power
Disdain
{noun} the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one's consideration or respect; contempt
{verb [transitive]} consider to be unworthy of one's consideration
Haughty
{adjective} arrogantly superior and disdainful
Imperious
{adjective} assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering
Patronize(-ing)
{verb} 1. [often as adjective] (patronizing) treat with an apparent kindness that betrays a feeling of superiority 2. frequent (a store, theater, restaurant, or other establishment) as a customer
Convoluted
{adjective} (especially of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow
Cryptic
{adjective} having meaning that is mysterious or obscure
Futile
{adjective} incapable of producing any useful result; pointless
Impede
{verb [transitive]} delay or prevent (someone or something) by obstructing them; hinder
Obscure
{adjective} not discovered or known about; uncertain
{verb [transitive]} keep from being seen; conceal
Quandary
{noun} a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation
Indolent
{adjective} wanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy
Insipid
{adjective} lacking flavor
Listless
{adjective} (of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm
Torpor
{noun} a state of physical or mental inactivity; lethargy
Alienate(-ed)
{verb [transitive]} cause (someone) to feel isolated or estranged
Alliance
{noun} a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations
Disparity
{noun} a great difference
Servile
{adjective} 1. having or showing an excessive willingness to serve or please others 2. of or characteristic of a slave or slaves
Suppress(-ed)
{verb [transitive]} forcibly put an end to
Embellish
{verb [transitive]} make (something) more attractive by the addition of decorative details or features
Florid
{adjective} 1. having a red or flushed complexion 2. elaborately or excessively intricate or complicated