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GEOG160 Chapter 5
Terms in this set (35)
A form of a language spoken in a local area is a
B) language branch.
C) language family.
D) language group.
The second-largest language family is
Germanic invaders of England included all but which tribe?
English is part of which language group?
B) North Germanic
C) West Germanic
Which of the following is not a Romance language?
The most widely spoken Indo-European language is
D) none of the above
A) conquered much of East Asia several thousand years ago.
B) were a Germanic tribe that invaded England.
C) may have been the first speakers of an Indo-European language.
D) preserved Basque as an isolated language.
According to the Anatolian hearth theory, Indo-European languages diffused across
A) entirely by sea.
B) by way of the Kurgan homeland.
C) by warriors on horseback.
D) with the diffusion of agriculture.
The language family encompassing the languages of the People's Republic of China is
A lingua franca is
A) an English word that has entered the French language.
B) a language that is mutually understood by people who have different native languages.
C) an extinct language that has been revived.
D) an official language in a region of the world different from where the language
a set of sounds and symbols that are used for communication
language used by the government for laws, reports, and public objects
collection of languages related through a common ancestral language
collection of languages within a family related through a common ancestral language
collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display similar grammar and vocabulary
two-largest language families
predominate language family in Europe, South Asia, North America, and Latin America
encompasses languages spoken in the People's Republic of China and several smaller countries in Southeast Asia
largest language families (SW Asia, N Africa, Central Asia)
- Arabic is major language
- one of 6 official languages in UN
- most speakers in Turkish
- became official language of several countries that gained independence with Soviet Union broke up
African language families
- more than 1,000
- most lack written tradition
four most widely spoken branches of Indo-European Branches
- Germanic Branch
- Indo-Iranian Branch
- Balto-Slavic Branch
- Romance Branch
- spoken primarily in NW Europe & N America
- divides into high and low Germanic subgroups (English classified in low Germanic group)
- spoken primarily in South Asia
- most speakers of the language branch
- subdivided into eastern group (Indic) and western group (Iranian)
- spoken primarily in Eastern Europe
- divided into east slavic and baltic groups (Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian) and West & South Slavic Groups (Polish, Czech, Slovak)
-spoken primarily in southwestern Europe and Latin America
- most widely used are Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Italian
Origin of English
- Jutes: Southeastern England
- Angles: Northern England
- Saxons: the south & west
regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Southern Belgians who speak French
Northern Belgians who speak Flemish
Switzerland's four official languages
a language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family (e.g. Basque in Europe, Icelandic)
a language that is no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world
language of international communication
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