Psychological disorder
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Terms in this set (33)
mood disorderspsychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes Two forms: major depressive disorder and manic depressive disordermajor depressive disorderA mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.maniaa mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic statebipolar disorderA mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.ruminationcompulsive fretting; overthinking about our problems and their causesSchizophreniaa psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished, inappropriate emotional expression Split mindpsychosisa psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptionsDelusionsfalse beliefsHallucinationsfalse sensory experiencessomatic symptom disorderpsychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical causeConversion Disorder (Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder)a disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be foundillness anxiety disordera disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a diseasedissociative disordersdisorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelingsdissociative identity disorderA rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.anorexia nervosaan eating disorder in which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselvesbulimia nervosaan eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercisebinge eating disordersignificant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosapersonality disorderspsychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioningavoidant personality disorderA personality disorder characterized by consistent discomfort and restraint in social situations, overwhelming feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation.schizoid personality disordera personality disorder characterized by persistent avoidance of social relationships and little expression of emotionhistrionic personality disordera personality disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and preoccupation with being the center of attention; emotional shallowness; overly dramatic behaviornarcissistic personality disordercharacterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a preoccupation with fantasies of success or power, and a need for constant attention or admirationantisocial personality disorderA personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.