AP Human Geography Unit 4: Political Organization of Space Vocabulary
Terms in this set (53)
Laws (non longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
An attitude that tends to separate people.
Process in which a more powerful ethnic groups forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
State that contains more than one ethnicity.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.
Identity with a groups of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Identity with a groups of people descended from a common ancestor.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
A person who works fields rented form a landowner and pays the rent and repays the loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Triangular slave trade
A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses fro the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.
Balance of power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
A state with a long, narrow shape.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to unites of local government.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
A zone separating two states in which neighbor state exercises political control.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
A state that completely surrounds another one.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
Arguments over the location of borders.
boundaries often originated from old tribal lands and lands won in war
The process of creating boundaries.
strong state government with a weak central government
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence.
An effort to shirft responsibility of domestic programs to the states in order to decrease the size &activites of the fed. govt; some states have attempted to shift responsibilities further to local govts
Under the law of the sea, a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources.
Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
The identification and loyalty a person may feel for his or her nation.
Law of the sea
Law establishing states rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the earth's seas and oceans and their resources.
a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals (e.g., Israel or Kashmir today; Eastern Europe during the Cold War,...).
a venture involving 3 or more national states political economic or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
A code of maritime law approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles (22km) from shore and 200-nautical-mile-wide (370-km-wide) exclusive economic zones.
A nationality that is not represented by a state.