Scheduled maintenance: Thursday, December 8 from 5PM to 6PM PST
Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
14.3 - World War II (Homefront)
Terms in this set (24)
People who refuse to join the military for personal, moral reasons, such as because of religious beliefs.
Office of Price Administration
Government agency that set prices on anything except agricultural products during World War II. It also had the power to ration products.
Limiting the amount of a certain product that can be purchased to make people reduce use and therefore limit demand. For example, during World War II, people could only purchase gasoline on certain days of the week.
Campaigns during World War II to collect metal that could be melted down and reused for the war effort.
Government savings bonds sold during World War II in order to raise money for the war effort. Everyone, including children and students were encouraged to save their money to purchase these.
Personal gardens people grew during World War II to support the war effort. By growing their own food, people reduced demand on commercially produced food.
Office of War Information
Government agency that produced propaganda during World War II. They made posters, radio advertisements and movies.
Arsenal of Democracy
Idea promoted by President Franklin Roosevelt that the United States would produce the material the allies needed to win the war, including ships, tanks, aircraft, bullets, bombs, etc.
War Production Board
Government agency during World War II that worked with industry to realign the nation's factories and produce the material needed for the war.
Short movies produced by the government and shown before regular movies during the 1930s, 40s, 50s and 60s. They were an in important way people received information and saw video of events before television news was universal.
Rosie the Riveter
Character who represented all the working women during World War II. In the most famous image of her, she declares "We Can Do It!"
Female pilots who delivered finished aircraft from factories to the front lines during World War II.
Women who served in in the navy during World War II. They took the place of men in positions away from the front lines, thus freeing up more men for combat.
A. Philip Randolph
African American leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters union. He convinced President Franklin Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 to end discrimination in industries that fulfilled government contracts.
Executive Order 8802
An executive order issued by Franklin Roosevelt during World War II that forbid discrimination in industries that fulfilled government contracts.
Double V Campaign
The idea during World War II that African American soldiers were fighting to defeat both fascism abroad and discrimination at home.
Unit of African American fighter pilots during World War II.
Native Americans who used their native languages to share messages during World War II instead of using a secret code based on English. Because the Japanese had no knowledge of these languages, they could not intercept the American messages.
Government program during World War II to allow immigration from Mexico in order to provide agricultural workers.
A style popular among young Hispanic, African American and Filipino men during World War II based on oversized pants and jackets.
Zoot Suit Riots
Violent conflict between White sailors on leave in Los Angeles and young Hispanic men. The media and local leaders blamed the unrest on the Hispanics.
Executive Order 9066
Executive order signed by Franklin Roosevelt in 1942 that authorized the internment of Japanese Americans living on the West Coast.
Korematsu v. United States
1944 Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was constitutional. Most people believe it was a failure of the Court to uphold justice.
442nd Regimental Combat Team
Army unit made up of Japanese Americans during World War II. They served with distinction despite the internment of their family members back home and are the most decorated military unit in American history.