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Arts and Humanities
14 - World War II (All)
Terms in this set (84)
A policy of not being involved in international affairs or joining in treaties with other nations.
Good Neighbor Policy
President Franklin Roosevelt's foreign policy during the 1930s with regards to Latin America. He withdrew the military and renounced intervention, reversing Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
Washington Naval Conference
Meeting of nine world powers in 1921 and 1922 in which they agreed to limit the size of their navies.
Fascist leader of Italy during the 1930s and World War II.
Government system in which one person maintains total control and that leader and the country are synonymous. Thus, citizens declare loyalty to the leader, rather than the nation.
Fascist Nazi leader of Germany during the 1930s and World War II.
Hitler's political party. Their full name was the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
Agreement between Hitler and the United Kingdom in 1938. Hitler promised not to invade his neighbors in exchange for British Prime Minister Chamberlain's agreement to let Hitler control the Sudetenland. Chamberlain believed the agreement would preserve peace. It actually convinced Hitler that the British would not stop his expansionist plans.
Attempting to avoid a conflict by giving someone what they want.
Second leader of the Soviet Union from 1922-1953.
The alliance of Nazi Germany, Mussolini's Italy, and Japan during World War II.
The northeastern corner of China. It was administered by Japan in the 1930s as a puppet state.
American policy toward Japanese expansion in China in the 1930s. The United States refused to recognize the legality of the Japanese occupation.
Marco Polo Bridge Incident
Fight between Japanese and Chinese troops in 1937 that led to open war in China.
Rape of Nanjin
War crime in which Japanese troops raped, tortured and murdered thousands of civilians after capturing the city of Nanjin, China in 1937-38.
America First Committee
Group that included many prominent Americans in the 1930s which advocated for isolationism.
Set of laws passed by Congress in the second half of the 1930s that prohibited President Roosevelt from actively supporting any side during World War II.
Leader of the Chinese during World War II. He led the nationalists against the communists in China's civil war.
German for "lightning war." It described the German battlefield tactics which included the combined use of infantry, tanks, and aircraft.
Cash and Carry
American policy in which the United Kingdom could purchase war materials so long as they paid in full and transported the materials on British ships. It was a first step toward joining the war.
French colony in Southeast Asia that included the modern nations of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.
Battle of Britain
Air war between Germany and Great Britain in 1940. Hitler tried to force the British to sue for peace by bombing cities.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II.
American policy starting in early 1941 to provide war material to the United Kingdom. Under the policy, the British did not have to pay for what they needed up front, thus ending the Cash and Carry policy.
Agreement between President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom in August 1941 before the United States joined World War II. It outlined the Anglo-American war goals of preserving democracy and self-determination.
Army general and prime minister of Japan during World War II.
Attack on Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941. The event that propelled the United States into World War II.
A date which will live in infamy
Famous line from President Franklin Roosevelt's war message to Congress the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Top British commander during World War II.
German commander in North Africa during World War II. He was nicknamed the "Desert Fox."
North Africa Campaign
Fight between American and British troops led by Eisenhower, and Germans led by Rommel on in North Africa during World War II. The series of battles was notable for its use of tanks.
Battle of Stalingrad
One of the turning point battles of World War II. German forces had attacked deep into the Soviet Union before they were turned back here during the winter of 1942.
Invasion of Italy
Attack by the Allies from North Africa to the island of Sicily and then the Italian Peninsula in 1943.
Bombing raids using incendiary bombs designed to start fires and burn down large urban areas. The tactic was used extensively by the allies against both German and Japanese cities in World War II.
Supreme allied commander in Europe during World War II. He later became president during the 1950s.
Nickname for the amphibious invasion of France that became D-Day.
June 6, 1944. The landing of allied forces at Normandy, France. It was a turning point in the war in Europe.
Battle of the Bulge
Last counterattack by the Germans against the allies along the Western Front in World War II before the total collapse of German defenses.
Hitler's attempt to murder all Jews in Europe. The genocide resulted in 12 million deaths.
May 8, 1945. The end of World War II in Europe when Germany surrendered.
Allied commander in the South Pacific during World War II. He was forced to surrender the Philippines at the start of the war, but led the successful island hopping campaign and eventually accepted the Japanese surrender and was the military governor of occupied Japan.
Fortress in the Philippines that was the last holdout for American and Filipino troops against the Japanese invasion in 1942.
Bataan Death March
Forced walk of American and Filipino troops from Corregidor to prison camps. 16,000 men died along the way due to Japanese cruelty.
Battle of Midway
Turning point battle in the Pacific in 1942. The Americans d sunk four Japanese aircraft carries. After the battle, the Japanese were unable to rebuild their fleet or train replacement pilots.
MacArthur's strategy of capturing the less-fortified Japanese islands in the South Pacific and cutting off better defended islands from resupply.
Battle of Iwo Jima
1945 attack by American maries that resulted in one of the most well-known photographs of World War II. The island was used for air raids on Japan.
Battle of Okinawa
Last battle of the Pacific before the planned invasion of the Japanese mainland. The Americans used enormous firepower and Japan began using kamikaze suicide attacks. It was the bloodiest battle of the Pacific War.
Suicide attacks by Japanese pilots against American ships.
American president at the end of World War II. He became president in 1945 when Roosevelt died and made the decision to use the atomic bomb.
World famous scientist. His letter to President Roosevelt about the danger of a German nuclear bomb convinced Roosevelt to start the Manhattan Project.
Italian scientist who convinced Einstein to write a letter to President Roosevelt warning him of the danger of nuclear weapons.
Einstein's Letter to Roosevelt
Letter that convinced President Roosevelt to initiate the Manhattan Project and develop a nuclear weapon.
Secret project during World War II to develop a nuclear bomb.
Los Alamos, NM
Site of a nuclear research center beginning in World War II.
Scientist who led the Manhattan Project. He is remembered as the Father of the Nuclear Bomb.
Location in a New Mexico desert of the first nuclear explosion in 1945.
Bomber that dropped the first atomic bomb in 1945.
Japanese city that was destroyed in 1945 in the first atomic bomb attack.
Second Japanese city destroyed by a nuclear bomb in 1945.
The end of World War II when Japan surrendered.
People who refuse to join the military for personal, moral reasons, such as because of religious beliefs.
Office of Price Administration
Government agency that set prices on anything except agricultural products during World War II. It also had the power to ration products.
Limiting the amount of a certain product that can be purchased to make people reduce use and therefore limit demand. For example, during World War II, people could only purchase gasoline on certain days of the week.
Campaigns during World War II to collect metal that could be melted down and reused for the war effort.
Government savings bonds sold during World War II in order to raise money for the war effort. Everyone, including children and students were encouraged to save their money to purchase these.
Personal gardens people grew during World War II to support the war effort. By growing their own food, people reduced demand on commercially produced food.
Office of War Information
Government agency that produced propaganda during World War II. They made posters, radio advertisements and movies.
Arsenal of Democracy
Idea promoted by President Franklin Roosevelt that the United States would produce the material the allies needed to win the war, including ships, tanks, aircraft, bullets, bombs, etc.
War Production Board
Government agency during World War II that worked with industry to realign the nation's factories and produce the material needed for the war.
Short movies produced by the government and shown before regular movies during the 1930s, 40s, 50s and 60s. They were an in important way people received information and saw video of events before television news was universal.
Rosie the Riveter
Character who represented all the working women during World War II. In the most famous image of her, she declares "We Can Do It!"
Female pilots who delivered finished aircraft from factories to the front lines during World War II.
Women who served in in the navy during World War II. They took the place of men in positions away from the front lines, thus freeing up more men for combat.
A. Philip Randolph
African American leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters union. He convinced President Franklin Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 to end discrimination in industries that fulfilled government contracts.
Executive Order 8802
An executive order issued by Franklin Roosevelt during World War II that forbid discrimination in industries that fulfilled government contracts.
Double V Campaign
The idea during World War II that African American soldiers were fighting to defeat both fascism abroad and discrimination at home.
Unit of African American fighter pilots during World War II.
Native Americans who used their native languages to share messages during World War II instead of using a secret code based on English. Because the Japanese had no knowledge of these languages, they could not intercept the American messages.
Government program during World War II to allow immigration from Mexico in order to provide agricultural workers.
A style popular among young Hispanic, African American and Filipino men during World War II based on oversized pants and jackets.
Zoot Suit Riots
Violent conflict between White sailors on leave in Los Angeles and young Hispanic men. The media and local leaders blamed the unrest on the Hispanics.
Executive Order 9066
Executive order signed by Franklin Roosevelt in 1942 that authorized the internment of Japanese Americans living on the West Coast.
Korematsu v. United States
1944 Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was constitutional. Most people believe it was a failure of the Court to uphold justice.
442nd Regimental Combat Team
Army unit made up of Japanese Americans during World War II. They served with distinction despite the internment of their family members back home and are the most decorated military unit in American history.
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Sets found in the same folder
14 - World War II (Essentials)
14.1 - World War II (Isolationism and Pearl Harbor)
14.2 - World War II (Fighting the War)
14.3 - World War II (Homefront)
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