Ancient Rome for Quizlet Live
Terms in this set (53)
Indo-Europeans who settled in central Italy c. 1000 BCE and included the Romans
Around 600 BCE, these people conquered most of Italy, including Rome.
Region along the north-western coast of Italy
Ways the Greeks influenced the Romans (Know all five listed.)
growing olives and grapes, alphabet (through the Etruscans), architecture (especially columns), sculpture, literature
Colonists who settled in southern Italy and Sicily c. 750 BCE
home to Greek colonists in southern Italy
The river on which Rome was founded
One of the legendary twins who founded Rome and killed his brother
One of the legendary twins who founded Rome and was killed by his brother
The cruel Etruscan ruling family that the Romans overthrew to set up a republic
A form of government in which the leaders are elected into office by the citizens
Roman military formation made up of about 6000 soldiers
a professional heavy infantryman of the Roman army
A system by which Romans gave full citizenship to some of the Italian people that they conquered, and they made others allies
Roman common people
The governing assembly of Rome, which was originally made up of around 300 patricians
Plebeian Council (Council of the Plebs)
After going on strike, this group got the right to elect tribunes who had veto power over laws passed by the Senate.
The representatives of the plebeians, who presided over the Plebeian Council
The two leaders of Rome who had veto power over each other
The power to reject a law.
This official was chosen to take over in case of an emergency.
An early Roman dictator who was a role model for George Washington.
The code of laws that was engraved in bronze tablets and posted in the Forum.
Rome's central marketplace
rule of law
The idea that laws should apply to everyone equally.
Senatus Populusque Romanus
The "Senate and People of Rome"
A city in North Africa founded by the Phoenicians that ruled a great trading empire.
North Africa, southern Spain, western Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia
Lands ruled by Carthage before the Punic Wars
First Punic War
The conflict between the Romans and the Carthaginians that could be described as "The elephant fighting the whale."
A bridge that could be dropped from one ship onto another so their soldiers could cross over—making a sea battle into a land battle
Give Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia to Rome; give up navy; pay a large fine
Terms of the peace treaty at the end of the First Punic War
Carthage was required to ...
Second Punic War
The conflict between the Romans and the Carthaginians in which Hannibal invaded Italy.
The Carthaginian general who invaded Italy and never lost a battle on Italian soil.
Battle of Cannae
Hannibal's decisive victory over the Romans in the Second Punic War, in which 50,000 to 80,000 Roman soldiers were killed.
The Roman general who finally defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama.
Battle of Zama
Battle in North Africa near Carthage where the Romans finally beat Hannibal
Give Spain to Rome, pay a large fine, and give up all weapons
Terms of the peace treaty at the end of the Second Punic War
Carthage was required to ...
"Third Punic War"
The Romans enslaved 50,000 Carthaginians and, according to legend, spread salt into the soil so no crops would grow.
"bread and circuses"
The practice by Roman politicians of providing free food and entertainment for the people in order to get and keep their support.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
wanted the Romans take back public lands from the rich and distribute them among the landless Romans.
A Roman military leader who recruited soldiers from the poor, and paid them wages and promised them land
The first Roman general to drive his enemies out of Rome and made himself dictator.
The First Triumvirate
A political alliance among three leading men in Rome: Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar
The wealthiest man in Rome, who was famous in Rome for crushing a slave revolt led by the gladiator Spartacus.
Roman general who was a member of the First Triumvirate, but was later defeated in a civil war against Julius Caesar.
Julius Caesar crossed this boundary between Rome and Gaul in violation of the Senate's orders
Member of the First Triumvirate who conquered Gaul, defeated Pompey in a civil war, and became dictator for life
Egyptian pharaoh; last of the Ptolemy Dynasty; married Julius Caesar and after his death married Mark Antony.
Brutus and Cassius
The leaders of the Senators who opposed Julius Caesar, and who ultimately assassinated him
Ides of March, 44 BCE
The date of the assassination of Julius Caesar
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