31 terms

Lipold: Earth's Waters 2019

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Salt Water
97% of water on Earth
Fresh water on the surface
less than 1% of water on Earth
Water formula
H2O
Universal Solvent
Dissolves into anything (Water).
Hydrologic Cycle
water cycle
Hydrologic
relating to water
evaporation
liquid water changing to a gas
Water Vapor
water in the form of a gas
condensation
water vapor cools and becomes a liquid
surface runoff
water that runs along the soil and goes into lakes and rivers
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface.
groundwater
water under the ground that supplies springs and wells
aquifer
a water source under the ground
percolation
water soaking into the ground through the soil
reservoir
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply.
water treatment plant
A facility that treats water to remove contaminants so that it can be safely used.
wastewater treatment plant
A place where wastewater is filtered and cleaned before going back into the water cycle.
disinfection
the process that uses chemicals to destroy harmful microbes in water
intake
the step in water treatment when water is taken in from its source
Alum
chemical added to the water to help clump the contaminants during water treatment
Coagulation
The suspended particles of sediment cling to the alum particles in the water.
Floc
Fluffy, sticky clumps formed from the reaction of alum in water
Sedimentation
the process when the flocs settle to the bottom
Filtration
the process where the water passes through layers of sand and gravel to remove any particles
storage
water is placed in closed tanks to allow time for disinfection to take place before sending the water out to the customers
infiltration
Water soaking into the ground
hydrosphere
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of which is in oceans
melting
The change in state from a solid to a liquid
freezing
The change of state from a liquid to a solid
water cycle
the series of natural processes by which water continually moves throughout the hydrosphere
transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant