29 terms

Glencoe World History Chapter 15 & 16 Selective Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Janissaries
Name for the elite guard that the Ottoman rulers developed, in order to create a strong military.
Gunpowder Empire
Empire formed by outside conquerors who unify the regions that they conquered
Shah
king (used in Persia and Iran)(Safavid)
Safavids
Muslim Dynasty that existed in much of Iraq and Iran. Was Shia, while most of their neighbors were Sunni. Was founded by Shāh Esmā 'īl
Akbar
Bābur's grandson, used heavy artillery to take control of India. He was known for his religious tolerance and humane ruling.
Shāh Jahān
Mogul ruler that established the old political system used by previous Mogul rulers, and he expanded the empire's territory. Dynasty declined during his rule due to poverty and becoming ill. Also created the Taj Mahal.
Zheng He
Court official that led naval voyages into the Indian Ocean, which led to large increases in wealth. (Sailed for Yong Le of the Ming Dynasty)
Manchus
Farming and hunting people who lived in Manchuria. After the overthrow of the Ming dynasty, they conquered Beijing and created the Qing dynasty
Kangxi
Greatest of the rulers between the Ming and Qing dynasties. Gained scholar support, was tolerant of the Christians, also calmed unrest along the northern and western frontiers
Commercial Capitalism
Private business based on profit
Hostage System
System where a daimyo had two residences, one in their own land and one in Edo (where the court was). When the daimyo was away from Edo, the daimyo's family was held as insurance to keep the daimyos loyal to the shogun
Bureaucracy
Non-elected government officials
Sultan
Turkish title that describes someone who holds power
Grand Vizier
the Ottoman sultan's chief minister, who led the meetings of the imperial council.
Constantinople
A large, wealthy, and key strategic city on the straits of the Bosporus. That was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul.
Mercantilism
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Basilica
Massive Ottoman canon. Capable of firing a 3.5 foot marble stone up to 3 miles.
Confucianism
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct. As well as promoting farming as the chief economic focus, and discouraging trade.
Astrolabe and Compass
An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets. As well as maintaining a steady course during the day.
God, Gold, Glory
the three main reasons for the European age of exploration
Suleyman the Lawgiver
aka Suleiman the Magnificent; great military leader, created code of law, simplified system of taxation, reduced government bureaucracy
Shia Islam
is the belief that people should have Mohammed's descendants as their leaders
Sunni Islam
Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries.
Orthodox
adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion
Shogun
A general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name
Daimyo
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of Samurai
Samurai
Class of warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a Daimyo in return for land.
Ottoman Empire
A Sunni Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300's to 1922.
Mughal Empire
Sunni Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.