20 terms

Test #5 Chapter 21

I.D. Quizzes
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The Triple Alliance involved three European powers, _________________________.
Germany, Austria, and Italy
The industrialization of warfare had created vastly more __________ by the time of the outbreak of World War I.
lethal weapons
The Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of __________.
Germany
Most Europeans in August 1914 believed that the war would be over by ___________.
Christmas 1914
The new national states that emerged from the collapse of the German, Russian, and Austrian empires were based on the principle of ___________ championed by the U.S. president Woodrow Wilson.
national self-determination
As a result of World War I, the Ottoman Empire killed or deported one million _________, setting a precedent for future genocides.
Armenians
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points seemed to herald a new kind of ___________.
international life
After World War I, France invented Mother's Day to ____________.
encourage childbearing to replace the war dead
The worst feature of the Great Depression for ordinary people was ___________.
unemployment
Fascism first took root in _________.
Italy
The symbol of the fascist movement, the fasces, represented fascism's core ideas of _____________.
power and strength in unity
Hitler's message cast German nationalism in terms of _________ superiority.
racial
On Kristallnacht ("Crystal Night"), November 9, 1938, Nazis __________ Jewish shops throughout Germany.
smashed and looted
In Japan, as in Germany, it was the __________ that paved the way for more authoritarianism and nationalism.
Great Depression
The rise of the military in 1930s Japan reflected the traditional prominence of _________ in Japanese history.
the samurai class
Japan invaded China in 1937 because of a dispute over ________, thus beginning World War II.
Manchuria
Hitler repeatedly stressed the importance for Germany of gaining ________ in the east, in the lands of Poland and Russia.
living space
In World War II, the German forces used _________, which emphasized rapid movement of infantry, tanks, and airpower over large areas.
the tactic of blitzkrieg
___________ sustained the worst suffering in World War II, with 25 million killed, another 25 million made homeless, and thousands of towns, villages, and industrial enterprises destroyed.
The Soviet Union
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) committed America to defending Western Europe— with nuclear weapons, if necessary— against possible attack by _________.
the Soviet Union
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