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Mosca Chapter 12
Terms in this set (33)
the period after the Civil War in which the states formerly part of the Confederacy were brought back into the United States; South was divided into military districts for the supervision of elections to set up new state governments
Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (aka Ten-Percent Plan)
Lincoln; a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters (from the voter rolls for the election of 1860) swore an oath of allegiance to the Union
a wing of the Republican Party organized around an uncompromising opposition to slavery before and during the Civil War and a vigorous campaign to secure rights for freed slaves during Reconstruction.
bill proposed (failed) by radical republicans that wanted to start reconstruction before civil war ended
Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South
established in 1865 by Congress to help millions of former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the Civil War. - provided provisions for people in need
laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866 in the United States after the American Civil War with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
congressional republicans seized control of reconstruction from johnson after bad job with ex-slaves
ended slavery & involuntary servitude
All persons... are citizens- equal rights act
right to vote can't be taken away because of race/skin color
Reconstruction Act of 1867
This act was the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union.
Tenure of Office Act
United States federal law to remove certain office-holders without the approval of the Senate. (used to weaken president's power)
A formal accusation of wrongdoing against a public official
criminal codes which protected African-Americans' right to vote, to hold office, to serve on juries, and receive equal protection of laws.
any Southerner who supported the federal plan of Reconstruction after the Civil War or in support of Republican Party policies
a person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction. Carried their entire personal belongings in a "Bag" made of various scrap pieces
form of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
a system of farming in which a person rents land to farm from a planter
Ku Klux Klan
secret hate group in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of black people and to oppose carpetbaggers
the first United States Supreme Court interpretation of the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment
US v. Cruikshank
an important United States Supreme Court decision in United States constitutional law
US v. Reese
declared that the 15th amendment did not automatically protect the right of African Americans to vote (only listed the ways that states were not allowed to prevent them from voting)
the southern wing of the Bourbon Democrats, the conservative, pro-business faction in the Democratic Party, who pursued a policy of Redemption, seeking to oust the Radical Republicans
Compromise of 1877
South allowed Rutherford Hayes into office but made the north pull the last troops out of the South, and to end the Reconstruction Era.
the government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens "local control"
17th president of the US that replaced Lincoln when he was assassinated; southern democrat
member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the
During Reconstruction, they were in the South represented a coalition of blacks along with carpetbaggers and scalawags.
Ulysses S. Grant
commander of Union in Revolution; 18th president
an American politician, a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), and a college administrator
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th president of the United States from 1877 to 1881. Hayes was a lawyer and staunch abolitionist who defended runaway slaves in court proceedings
Samuel J. Tilden
the 25th Governor of New York and the Democratic candidate for president in the disputed election of 1876
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