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Psych Test 2
Terms in this set (32)
a psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished, inappropriate emotional expression
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions
PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
A prolonged and severe stress reaction to a scary event (chronic stress)
a disorder characterized by severe negative moods or a lack of interest in normally pleasurable activities
persistent depressive disorder
a chronic form of unipolar depression marked by ongoing and repeated symptoms of either major or mild depression
A mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
a psychological disorder marked by extreme inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
Severe disturbances in eating behavior characterized by preoccupation with weight concerns and unhealthy efforts to control weight.
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
focuses on changing behavior by identifying problem behaviors, replacing them with appropriate behaviors, and using rewards or other consequences to make the changes
Focuses on removing obstacles that block personal growth and potential.
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
Suicide and Self-Injury
-Every year, 1 million people commit suicide, giving up on the process of trying to cope and improve their emotional well-being.
-This can happen when people feel frustrated, trapped, isolated, ineffective, and see no end to these feelings.
-Non-suicidal self-injury has other functions such as sending a message, or self-punishment.
prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
the use of certain medications to treat or reduce the symptoms of a mental disorder
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events
An approach to treatment that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response
A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy)
action therapy in which the goal is to help clients overcome problems by learning to think more rationally and logically
therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction
therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members
the therapist attempts to unlock and reprocess previous frozen traumatic memories by waving a finger in front of the eyes of the client.
use of specialized illuminating light boxes and visors to treat seasonal affective disorder
deep brain stimulation (DBS)
a treatment procedure for depression in which a pacemaker powers electrodes that have been implanted in Brodmann Area 25, thus stimulating that brain area
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
drugs that combat depression by affecting the levels or activity of neurotransmitters in the brain
used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states. hallucinations and delusions experienced are a result of excess dopamine in the brain. meeds inhibit activity at dopamine receptors
drugs used to control mood swings in patients with bipolar mood disorders
reduce anxiety and decrease overarousal in the brain
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