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14 terms

WWI: Home front

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Defence of the Realm Act
act enacted in Great Britain to deal with domestic instability and anti-war protesters; this act allowed public authorities to arrest those against the war as traitors; later, this act allowed for the censorship of newspapers, the deleting of "objectionable material," and also the suspension of newspaper publication
Rationing
The limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy - often imposed by governments during wartime. This was to prevent food shortage.
Capitalism
an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.
Note* The government stopped capitalism during WWI.
Planned economy
economy that relies on a centralized government to control all or most factors of production and to make all or most production and allocation decisions
Inflation
an economic situation in which there is more money with less value; caused by governments trying to deal with war-time debt
State monopoly
A system whereby the State exercises total control over an industry and can set whatever price it wishes.
Creditor nation
a nation that exports more than it imports, so that it is owed money by other nations (i.e. US)
War socialism
when gov. takes over economy to stop strikes and give armies what is need for war.
Industrialization
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
union sacrée
ideological union of French on basis of patriotism
Propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause. Seen in posters, pamphlets, media, movies, etc.
Patriot
one who loves, supports, and is loyal to his or her country
Censorship
restricting access to ideas and information; this impacts media the most and brings about false assumptions
Suffragists
Those (mostly female) who were active in seeking voting rights for women as an inherent right for all individuals in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.