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Chapter 10 Study Guide (from review test)
Terms in this set (50)
What were the devices used for raising and lowering boats between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways?
Nickname of the most important cash crop of the 1800's
Who was the inventor of the first sewing machine?
Elias Howe, Isaac Singer
This person led 6 Latin American countries to their independence; nicknamed "The Liberator."
The powerful chief justice of the Supreme court from 1801 to 1835.
Powerful Massachusetts senator who was the dominant northern politician in the early 1800s.
Loyalty or devotion to your region of the country
What turnpike was considered to be the best of the early turnpikes. It was a short road connecting Philadelphia to amish country?
The Lancaster Road
What was the first railroad company in the US?
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (The B + O) Railroad
What is the term for Someone who leaves their country for elsewhere, forever?
What is the name for the reason a person leaves their country to go live somewhere else (mostly for famine, political unrest, etc.)?
A push factor
Who invented the Spinning Jenny (a pedal-powered weaving machine)?
This device greatly improved cotton production by gently removing its seeds.
The cotton gin
What is the name for a large tax or tariff that was made to favor the American good over its foreign counterpart?
A protective tariff
What was the name of the first locomotive engine in the United states?
'The Tom Thumb'
Which captain was captain of the colombia, was the first to establish trade with the Northwestern Indians, and laid dibs on that area for the US?
Captain Robert Gray
What was the most important US foreign foreign policy of the 1800's? It basically told the Europeans to stay out of the affairs of the Americans 'or else'?
The Monroe Doctrine
What was the major US Supreme court that stated that the states cannot interfere with federal institutions such as the BUS?
McCulloch v. Maryland
Henry Clay created a series of political reforms emphasizing immigrations, industrialization, and internal improvements ("the three I's"). WHat was this program called?
The American System
Who was the major southern politician of the early 1800s who served as vice president for John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson?
John C. Calhoun
What was the nickname for the young women who worked in the early textile factories?
The Lowell Girls + The Mill Girls
Who invented the Tom Thumb
Who invented the Clermont - the first commercially successful steamship in the US?
What two New York cities does the Eerie Canal connect?
Buffalo and Troy
Someone who enters a new country with the intentions of staying is called a _____________________.
This person is known to be the father of the American factory, although the British can him and industrial spy
Who invented the water frame, the first water powered weaving machine?
Who invented the cotton gin?
This era marks the transition between hand-made goods and machine-made goods.
The Industrial Revolution
A __________________ is a tax on an import or export.
There were three main groups that came over in the 1st wave. Who were they?
Irish, Germans, and the English
What were the peak 20 years of the second wave?
1900's - 1910's
What US cities were the main target for immigrants in the 3rd wave.
Any major US cities (New York City, Los Angeles, Philadelphia)
What was the date of the 1st wave? (its peak 20 years)
1840's - 1850's
In the second wave, what were the target cities for the immigrants?
Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit, Milwaukee, Pittsburg, Cincinnati
In the third wave what were the immigrant groups to come in?
Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Indians, and Pakistanis
In the 1840's-1850's, what was the name of the anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic group that arose?
The 'Know Nothings', formally known as The American Party
After the civil war, this 'circle of friends' began terrorizing the blacks and later the immigrants.
The Ku Klux Klan (commonly known as the KKK)
In the third wave of immigration, how did the immigrants get here.
In the second wave, we developed immigration centers in New York harbor and San Francisco Bay. What were these centers called?
Ellis Island (New York) and Angel Island (San Francisco)
This famous supreme court case dealt with the issue of interstate trade, more specifically derry traffic on the Hudson River between New York and New Jersey - who would get the tax money, and whose laws would they follow.
Gibbons v. Ogden
The term __________________ refers to developments in transportation technology.
Between 1816 and 1824, the Democratic-Republicans dominated American politics because the Federalist part was dead. What was this perid called?
The Era of Good Feelings
This prson was the dominant western polititian in the early 1800's. He was elected Speaker of the house before the war of 1812. He would run fir the presidency 5 times but never get elected.
What was the name of the pedal-powered weaving machine(s)?
The Spinning Jenny
This person created the first complete textile factory. It covered every aspect of the production from the growing of the plants/animals all the way to the selling of the shirt.
Francis Cabot Lowell
What was the name of the first federally funded turnpike? It went from Maryland all the way down to Illinois.
The National Road / Cumberland Road
_________________ is anything that attracts an immigrant into a new country. (usually jobs, freedom, money)
The key to mass production wa the ability to use the same parts from one product to another. what is this called.
Standardization of parts / Interchangeable parts
A small tax or tariff to meant raise money for the government without affecting the sale of the goods is a _____________________.
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