Chapter 8: Diagnostic tests and procedures

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Terms in this set (...)

vaginal speculum
instrument that can be pushed apart after it is inserted into the vagina to allow examination of the cervix and the walls of the vagina
cytology
study of cells
pap smear
material is collected from areas of the body that shed cells
papanicolaou test
pap smear
cervical cancer
cancer of the uterine cervix
dysplasia
cancer of the uterus may begin with a change in shape, growth, and number oc cells
trichomonas
vaginal and urethral parasite
rapid plasma reagin test (RPR)
blood tests to detect and monitor syphilis
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
hormone produced by chorion that is present in blood or urine and is used to test for pregnancy
gonadotropin
hormonal substance that stimulates the gonads in this case, the ovaries
-topin
that which stimulates
colposcopy
involves the use of a low-powered microscope to magnify the mucosa of the vagina and the cervix
cervical biopsy
removal of tissue from the cervix
endometrial biopsy
requires collection of tissue from the lining of the uterus
hysteroscopy
direct visual inspection of the cervical canal and uterine cavity, using an endoscope passed through the vagina
hysterosalpingography
radiologic examination of the uterus and the uterine tubes after an injection of radiopaque material into those organs
hysterosalpingogram
record that is produced in hysterosalpingography
laparoscopy
examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope often including interventional surgical procedures
urethral discharge
secretions from the urethra
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
test is a blood test used to screen for prostatic cancer and to monitor the patient's response to treatment
amniocentesis
surgical procedure in which a needle is passed through the abdominal and uterine walls to obtain a small amount of amniotic fluid to assess fetal health and diagnosis of genetic defects or other abnormalities
chorionic villi
tiny fingerlike projections of the chorion that infiltrate the endometrium and help form the placenta
chorionic villus sampling
sampling of these villi for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
fetoscope
stethoscope for assessing the fetal heart rate through mothers abdomen
pelvimetry
vaginal palpation of specific bony landmarks and is used to estimate the size fo the birth canal
cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
condition in which a baby's head is too large or the mother's birth canal is too small to permit to normal labor or birth