11 A - Imperialism (Essentials)

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American Exceptionalism
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Terms in this set (32)
American Exceptionalism
The idea that the United States is unique in the world, usually in the sense that the United States is better than all other nations due to our history and form of government.
City Upon a Hill
An image borrowed from the Bible by Puritan minister John Winthrop to describe the United States as a model society that the rest of the world should look up to as an example.
Social Darwinism
The idea that people, businesses and nations operate by Charles Darwin's survival of the fittest principle. That is, successful nations are successful because they are inherently better than others. At the turn of the century, White culture was seen as superior to others because Europeans and the United States were imperial nations and had defeated the people of their colonies.
White Man's Burden
The idea that White Americans and Europeans had an obligation to teach the people of the rest of the world how to be civilized.
Spheres of Influence
Nickname for the regions of China that were controlled by the various European nations. Within these zones, only one European power was permitted to carry out trade.
Banana Republic
A small nation dominated by foreign businesses. This nickname was used especially for Central American nations dominated by fruit growers based in the United States.
Pearl Harbor
Naval base on Oahu in Hawaii. The United States annexed Hawaii in part to gain control over this important coaling station.
Cuba
Island nation just south of Florida that was a Spanish colony until the United States secured its independence in the Spanish-American War.
Philippines
Island nation in Asia won by the United States from Spain in the Spanish-American War. It was granted independence in 1946.
Panama Canal
Canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It was an important success of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Alfred T. Mahan
Author of the book "The Influence of Seapower upon History."
American Anti-Imperialist League
Organization of Americans opposed to imperialism.
Rough Riders
Nickname for Theodore Roosevelt's cavalry regiment in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
Smoked Yankees
Nickname for African-American troops during the Spanish-American War.
William Howard Taft
American governor of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War and later president of the United States.