AP Latin Vergil Vocabulary

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abdo, ere, didi, ditus
to hide
abeo, ire, ii, itus
to depart
abluo, ere, ui, utus
to wash
abripio, abripere, abripui, abreptus
to carry off
abscondo, ere, didi, ditus
to hide
absisto, ere, stiti
to cease
absumo, ere, sumpsi, sumptus
to take away
accedo, ere, cessi, cessus
to approach
accingo, ere cinxi, cinctus
to gird on
accumbo, ere, cubui, cubitus
to recline at
adfatus. us
speech
adfor, fari, fatus
to address
adhuc
till now
adnitor, i, sus
to lean on
adno
to swim
adorior, iri, ortus
to attempt
adverto, ere, i, rsus
to heed
adytum, i
sanctuary
aequavus, a, um
of equal age
aer, aeris
air
aes, aeris
bronze
aestas, atis
summer
aestus, us
flood
aetas, atis
age
aetherius, a, um
airy
agger, aggeris
mound
aggero
to heap up
agnosco, ere, novi, nitus
to recognize
ala, ae
wing
alatus, a, um
winged
alligo
to bind
almus, a, um
nourishing
alterno
to change
alumnus, i
child
alveus, i
boat
alvus, i
belly
amans, antis
lover
amarus, a, um
bitter
ambio, ire, ivi, itus
to go around
ambo, ae, a
both
amictus, us
cloak
amnis, is
river
amplector, i plexus
to embrace
anguis, is
serpent
apis, is
bee
appareo, ere, ui, itus
to appear
apricus, a, um
sunny
apto
to equip
arboreus, a, um
branching
arceo, ere, ui
to keep off
arcus, us
bow
armentum, i
herd
armus, i
shoulder
aro
to plow
arrigo, ere, rexi, rectus
to prick up
ars, artis
skill
artus, us
limb
asper, era, erum
fierce
astrum, i
star
atrium, i
hall
attonitus, a, um
astounded
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus
to carry away
aula, ae
hall
Auster, tri
south wind
avello, avellere, avelli, avulsus
to tear
averto, ere, i, rsus
to keep off
avis, is
bird
avus, i
ancestor
bacchor, are, atus
to rush wildly
barba, ae
beard
bigae, arum
two-horse chariot
cadus, i
jar
caecus, a, um
dark
caelicola, ae
divinity
caeruleus, a, um
dark
calcar, aris
spur
caligo, are, avi
to be dark
candens, entis
shining
capesso, ere, ivi, itus
to undertake
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus
to draw
pius, a, um
loyal
careo, ere, ui, itus
to be free from
carina, ae
boat
castus, a, um
chaste
caterva, ae
crowd
cautes, is
cliff
cavus, a, um
hollow
cella, ae
cell
celsus, a, um
high
certo
to strive
cervus, i
deer
cieo, ere, civi, citus
to arouse
cingo, ere, cinxi, cinctus
to surround
cinis, eris
ashes
cito
quickly
claudo, ere, si, sus
to enclose
claustrum, i
bolt
clipeus, i
shield
collum, i
neck
colo, ere, ui, cultus
to dwell in, cherish
coluber, bri
snake
coma, ae
hair
comitatus, us
retinue
comito
to accompany
comitor, ari, atus
to accompany
commisceo, ere, ui, mixtus
to mix
commissum, i
crime
compages, is
seam
compello, are, avi, atus
to address
compono, ere, posui, positus
to calm
concludo, ere, si, sus
to enclose
concretus, a, um
matted
concursus, us
crowd
concutio, ere, cussi, cussus
to shake
condo, ere, didi, ditus
to found
conlabor, i, lapsus
to collapse
conscius, a, um
aware
consido, ere, sedi, sessus
to sit
contingo, ere, tigi, tactus
to touch
continuo
immediately
contorqueo, ere, rsi, rtus
to hurl
contus, i
pole
conubium, i
marriage
converto, ere, i, rsus
to turn around
coram
openly
corneus, a, um
of horn
corrumpo, ere, rupi, ruptus
to spoil
coruscus, a, um
quivering
creber, bra, brum
frequent
cretus, a, um
grown
crinis, is
hair
croceus, a, um
yellow
crudus, a, um
bloody
cruentus, a, um
bloody
cruor, oris
blood
cubitum, i
elbow
culmen, inis
roof
cumba, ae
skiff
cuspis, pidis
spear
debello
to crush
declino
to droop
decus, oris
ornament
defungor, i, functus
to perform
dehinc
then
dehisco, ere, hivi
to gape
delubrum, i
temple
demum
finally
depascor, i, pastus
to feed on
desino, ere, sivi, situs
to cease
describo, ere, psi, ptus
to mark out
detrudo, ere, si, sus
to dislodge
deturbo
to dislodge
dignor, ari, atus
to deem worthy
dilabor, i, lapsus
to depart
diripio, ere, ui, reptus
to plunder
dissicio, ere, ieci, iectus
to scatter
distendo, ere, i, ntus
to stretch
divello, ere, i, vulsus
to tear apart
dolus, i
trick
dorsum, i
back
draco, onis
serpent
eburnus, a, um
of ivory
effodio, ere, fodi, fossus
to excavate
effulgeo, ere, lsi
to flash
effundo, ere, fudi, fusus
to pour out
egregius, a, um
extraordinary
ei
alas!
ensis, is
sword
epulae, arum
feast
epulor, ari, artus
to feast
equidem
indeed
eruo, ere, ui, utus
to overthrow
evado, ere, si, sus
to escape
evanesco, ere, nui
to vanish
everto, ere, i, rsus
to destroy
exardesco, ere, arsi, arsus
to blaze
excidium, i
destruction
excio, ire, ivi, itus
to arouse
excipio, ere, cepi, ceptus
to catch
excubiae, arum
watchfire
excudo, ere, i, sus
to fashion
excutio, ere, cussi, cussus
to cast out
exigo, ere, egi, actus
to complete
exiguus, a, um
small
exim, exinde
from there
exordium, i
beginning
expedio, ire, ivi, itus
to prepare
expendo, ere, i, pensus
to pay for
experior, iri, pertus
to try
expleo, ere, evi, etus
to fulfil
expromo, ere, mpsi, mptus
to express
exstruo, ere, struxi, structus
to build up
extemplo
immediately
exterus, a, um
foreign
extrema, orum
death
exuo, ere, ui, utus
to discard
exuro, ere, ussi, ustus
to burn
exuviae, arum
booty
facesso, ere, ivi, itus
to do
factum, i
deed
fallo, ere, fefelli, falsus
to deceive
fandus, a, um
right
fas
divine will
fastigium, i
top
fatisco, ere
to split
faux, faucis
jaws
fax, facis
torch
ferio, ire
to strike
ferrugineus, a, um
rusty
ferus, i
beast
ferveo, ere, ferbui
to glow
festus, a, um
festal
fetus, a, um
pregnant
fetus, us
offspring
fictum, i
falsehood
figo, ere, fixi, fictus
to fix
fingo, ere, finxi, fictus
to fashion
flavus, a, um
yellow
flecto, ere, flexi, flectus
to guide
fleo, ere, evi, etus
to weep
fletus, us
tears
fluentum, i
stream
fluvius, i
river
fodio, ere, fodi, fossus
to dig
foedo
to defile
foedus, a, um
foul
foedus, eris
treaty
fomes, itis
fuel
forsan
perhaps
forus, i
deck
foveo, ere, fovi, fotus
to cherish
fragor, oris
crash
fraudo
to defraud
fraus, fraudis
deceit
fremo, ere, ui, itus
to roar
freno
to check
fretum, i
strait
frigus, oris
cold
frondeus, a, um
leafy
fucus, i
drone
fulgeo, ere, lsi
to shine
fulmen, inis
lightning
fulvus, a, um
yellow
fungor, i, functus
to perform
funis, is
rope
funus, eris
funeral
furtivus, a, um
secret
furtum, i
trick
galea, ae
helmet
gaza, ae
wealth
genero
to bear
gigno, ere, genui, genitus
to bear
glaeba, ae
clod
glaucus, a, um
gray
glomero
to roll together
gradus, us
step
grando, inis
hail
gressus, us
step
gurges, itis
whirlpool
guttur, uris
throat
habena, ae
rein
haereo, ere, haesi, haesus
to stick to
halitus, us
breath
hasta, ae
spear
haurio, ire, hausi, haustus
to drain
hebeto
to blunt
heres, edis
heir
horreo, ere, ui
to tremble
horresco, ere, horrui
to shudder
iaceo, ere, ui, itus
to lie
iaculor, ari, atus
to hurl
ianitor, oris
doorkeeper
iaspis, idis
jasper
ibidem
in the same place
ignavus, a, um
lazy
igneus, a, um
fiery
illic
there
illuc
there
imber, bris
rain
immitis, e
fierce
implico, are, avi, atus
to entwine
inanis, e
useless
incedo, ere, cessi, cessus
to march
inclutus, a, um
famous
increpo, are, ui, itus
to chide
incubo, are, ui, itus
to brood over
incumbo, ere, cubui, cubitus
to lean on
incutio, ere, cussi, cussus
to strike
indomitus, a, um
uncontrolled
induo, ere, ui, utus
to put on
infandus, a, um
unspeakable
infectus, a, um
not done
infensus, a, um
hostile
infestus, a, um
hostile
infigo, ere, xi, xus
to fix
inhumatus, a, um
unburied
inlabor, i, lapsus
to glide into
inlido, ere, si, sus
to dash against
inops, opis
needy
iremeabilis, e
from which there is no return
inrito
to enrage
insido, ere, sedi, sessus
to sit on
insignis, e
distinguished
insinuo
to creep
instar
image
insto, are, stiti
to press on
intus
within
inultus, a, um
unavenged
invado, ere, si, sus
to attack
invisus, a, um
hateful
invius, a, um
pathless
istinc
from there
iuba, ae
mane
iugum, i
yoke
iuxta
close
laedo, ere, si, sus
to strike
laena, ae
cloak
laevus, a, um
foolish
lambo, ere
to lick
lapsus, us
gliding
latebra, ae
lair
latratus, us
barking
latro
to bark
lenio, ire, ivi, itus
to soothe
letum, i
death
libo
to pour
lignum, i
wood
ligo
to bind
limus, i
slime
lorum, i
rein
luctor, ari, atus
grief
luo, ere, i
to atone for
lustro
to purify
luxus, us
luxury
lympha, ae
water
macto
to sacrifice
madeo, ere, ui
to drip
maereo, ere
to mourn
maestus, a, um
sad
magalia, ium
huts
marmor, oris
marble
meatus, us
path
mel, mellis
honey
mentum, i
beard
mereo, ere, ui, itus
to deserve
mico, are, ui
to quiver
mitra, ae
cap
mollis, e
soft
molliter
gently
mora, ae
delay
moribundus, a, um
dying
morior, i, mortuus
to die
moror, are, atus
to delay
morsus, us
bite
mox
soon
mugitus, us
roar
murex, icis
purple
necto, ere, nexui, nexus
to bind
nemus, oris
grove
nequiquam
in vain
neu/neve
and lest
nimbosus, a, um
stormy
nimbus, i
rainstorm
nimium
to much
nitens, entis
bright
no
to swim
nodus, i
knot
obicio, ere, ieci, iectus
to present
obitus, us
death
obmutesco, ere, tui
to be dumb
obnitor, i, sus
to strive
obruo, ere, ui, utus
to crush
obstipesco, ere, stipui
to stand agape
obtundo, ere, tudi, tusus
to weaken
obvius, a, um
in the way
occubo, are
to lie dead
occumbo, ere, cubui, cubitus
to fall
ocior, ius
quicker
offa, ae
cake
olim
once
operio, ire, ui rtus
to cover
opimus, a, um
rich
oppeto, ere, ivi, itus
to meet
ops, opis
help
orgia, orum
rituals
ostium, i
mouth
otium, i
leisure
paeniteo, ere, ui
to repent
palus, udis
swamp
pando, ere, i, passus
to spread
parco, ere, peperci, parsus
to spare
pario, ere, peperi, partus
to produce
pavor, oris
terror
pecus, oris
flock
penetralis, e
inmost
penna, ae
wing
pereo, ire, ii, itus
to die
perflo
to blow
perfundo, ere, fudi, fusus
to soak
perhibeo, ere, ui, itus
to present
pernix, icis
nimble
piget, ere, uit
it displeases
pingo, ere, pinxi, pinctus
to paint
pinguis, e
fat
plangor, oris
wailing
planta, ae
heel
pone
behind
portitor, oris
ferryman
posthabeo, ere, ui, itus
to place after
potior, ius
better
praeceptum, i
advice
praeruptus, a, um
steep
praesepe, is
hive
praestans, antis
excellant
praetexo, ere, ui, xtus
fringe
pravum, i
wrong
pretium, i
price
prex, precis
prayer
priscus, a, um
ancient
procax, procacis
bold
procella, ae
blast
proles, is
offspring
pronus, a, um
headlong
propero
to hurry
prora, ae
prow
protinus
immediately
pugnus, i
fist
quando
when
quasso
to shake
quatio, ere, quassus
to shake
queo, quire, quivi, quitus
to be able
querela, ae
complaint
queror, i, questus
to complain
quia
because
quippe
indeed
quonam
whither
quoniam
since
rabies, ei
rage
radius, i
rod
ramus, i
branch
rarus, a, um
scattered
ratis, is
raft
raucus, a, um
hoarse
recidivus, a, um
revived
recubo
to recline
rima, ae
crack
rimosus, a, um
leaky
robur, oris
oak
rogus, i
funeral pyre
roscidus, a, um
dewy
rudens, entis
rope
saepio, ire, psi, ptus
to enclose
sanies, ei
blood
saucius, a, um
wounded
scando, ere, i, scansus
to climb
scilicet
of course
scindo, ere, scidi, scissus
to split
scintilla, ae
spark
secessus, us
inlet
seco, are, ui, sectus
to cut
securis, is
axe
sedile, is
seat
semita, ae
path
sentus, a, um
thorny
sepelio, ire, ivi, pultus
to bury
sero, ere, sevi, satus
to sow
sertum, i
garland
sibilus, a, um
hissing
sicco
to dry
silex, icis
rock
sinus, us
bosom
situs, us
decay
solium, i
throne
soporus, a, um
sleepy
spargo, ere, rsi, rsus
to sprinkle
sperno, ere, sprevi, spretus
to scorn
spira, ae
coil
spiro
to breathe
spolium, i
spoils
spuma, ae
foam
spumo
to foam
squaleo, ere, ui
to be filthy
squameus, a, um
scaly
stratum, i
bed
stringo, ere, strinxi, strictus
to graze
stuppeus, a, um
flax
strideo, ere, di
to creak
struo, ere, struxi, structus
to build
subduco, ere, duxi, ductus
to beach
subicio, ere, ieci, iectus
to vanquish
subigo, ere, egi, actus
to push
subnecto, ere, nexui, nexus
to tie
suboles, is
offspring
subter
below
subtraho, ere, traxi, tractus
to withdraw
sudo
to sweat
sulcus, i
trench
sufficio, ere, feci, factus
to supply
superbia, ae
pride
supinus, a, um
flat
suscito
to arouse
sutilis, e
sewn
tabeo, ere
to drip
taeda, ae
torch
taurus, i
bull
tego, ere, texi, tectus
to cover
tela, ae
web
temno, ere
to scorn
tenax, acis
tenacious
tenuis, e
fine
tergum, i
back
tero, ere, trivi, tritus
to wear
thalamus, i
bedroom
torus, i
bed
torvus, a, um
fierce
totidem
as many
trabs, trabis
beam
trifaux, faucis
three-throated
tueor, eri, itus
to watch
tumeo, ere, ui
to swell
uber, eris
fertility
ulciscor, i, ultus
to avenge
ultrix, icis
avenging
ulva, ae
marsh grass
umens, entis
moist
uncus, a, um
bent
unguis, is
nail
vadum, i
shoal
vagor, ari, atus
to wander
vanus, a, um
vain
validus, a, um
strong
vecto
to carry
velo
to cover
venemum, i
poison
verro, ere, i, versus
to sweep
vescor, i
to feed on
vestigium, i
track
vestis, is
garment
vetus, eris
old
vigeo, ere, ui
to be strong
virga, ae
twig
viridis, e
green
vitta, ae
garland
volito
to fly
volumen, inis
coil
voluto
to revolve
voro
to swallow up
vulgus, i
crowd
Zephyrus, i
west wind
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