How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

224 terms

Lesson 2 Word List

Chapters 4 & 5
STUDY
PLAY
abdomin/o
abdomen
abrasion
a scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area
abscess
a localized collection of pus in any part of the body
acne vulgaris
a common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck, and which appears as papules, pustules, and comedos
actinic keratosis
a premalignant, gray or red-to-brown, hardened lesion caused by excessive exposure to sunlight
adip/o
fat
albin/o
white
albino, albinism
An individual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair and skin. A condition characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair, may result from normal aging, a reaction to a medication such as anticancer medications, and endocrine disorder, or some skin disease
amputation
the surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb or a part of a limb; performed to treat recurrent infections or gangrene of a limb
ana-
not, without
anter/o
front
autograft
tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person
bedsore
an inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part; also known as a pressure ulcer.
blackhead
an open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle
blister
a small, thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle
boil
a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a furuncle
bruise
a bluish-black discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; also known as ecchymosis or a black-and-blue mark
bulla
a large blister
burns
tissue injury produced by flame, heat, chemicals, radiation, electricity or gases
Bx, bx
biopsy
callus
a common, usually painless thickening of the epidermis at sites of external pressure or friction. This localized hyperplastic area of up to 1 inch in size is also know as a callosity.
carbuncle
a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface
caut/o
burn
cautery
heat or caustic substances that burn or scar the skin (coagulation of tissue)
cellulitis
a diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain and swelling
cerumen
ear wax
cervic/o
neck; cervix
cicatrix
a scar; the pale, firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound
coccyg/o
coccyx
comedo
the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle
contusion
an injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin
crani/o
skull; cranium
cryosurgery
a noninvasive treatment that uses sub-freezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe.
curettage and electrodessication
this procedure involves scraping away abnormal tissue followed by destroying the tumor base with a low-voltage electrode
cutane/o
skin
cyanosis
slightly bluish, grayish, slate-like, or dark discoloration of the skin due to the presence of abnormal amounts of reduced hemoglobin in the blood
cyst
a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
cyt/o
cell
debridement
removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing
decub.
bedsore
decubitis ulcer
chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it, a bedsore
derm.
dermatology
derm/o
skin
dermabrasion
removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes in order to eliminate superficial scars or unwanted tattoos
dermat/o
skin
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin, seen in several forms. May be acute or chronic, contact or seborrheic
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin, seen in several forms. May be acute or chronic, contact or seborrheic
dermatoplasty
skin transplantation to a body surface damaged by injury or disease
diaphoresis
the secretion of sweat
dors/o
back
dys-
bad, difficult, painful, disordered
ecchymosis
a bluish-black discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area; also known as a bruise or a black-and-blue mark
eczema
an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs, and is accompanied by intense itching
electrodessication or fulguration
a technique using an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used for the removal of surface lesions
electrosurgery
the removal or destruction of tissue with an electrical current
epi-
upon, over
erythema
redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation. An example is nervous blushing or a mild sunburn.
erythr/o
red
escharotomy
an incision made into the necrotic tissue resulting from a severe burn
excoriation
an injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma, such as scratching or abrasions
first degree burn
a burn that affects the epidermis only, causing erythema without blistering
fissure
a crack-like sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
fistula
an abnormal passageway between two tubular organs (e.g. rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surface
FS
Frozen section
furuncle
a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil
gangrene
death of tissue, most often involving the extremities; usually the result of ischemia (loss of blood supply to an area), bacterial invasion and subsequent putrefaction (decaying) of the tissues, producing a very offensive, foul odor
hemangioma
a benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color
herpes zoster (shingles)
an acute viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox; characterized by painful, vesicular lesions or eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways of underlying spinal or cranial nerves
xenograft
issue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species
heterograft
issue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species
hidr/o
sweat
hirsutism
a condition in which there is excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern
hist/o
tissue
hits/o
tissue
hives
circumscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the center than their surrounding edges; also known as wheal(s)
allograft
tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup
homograft
tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup
hydrocele
an accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct, particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord
hypo-
under, below, beneath less than
I&D
Incision and drainage
-iac
pertaining to
ichthy/o
fish
ili/o
ilium
impetigo
contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face
inguin/o
groin
inter-
between
-ion
action, process
keloid
an enlarged, irregularly shaped, and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formation of the scar
kerat/o
hard, horny
keratosis
skin condition in which there is a thickening and overgrowth of the cornified epithelium
laceration
a tear in the skin
later/o
side
lesion
a wound, injury, or any pathological change in body tissue; any visible damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil
leuk/o
white
leukoplakia
white, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva, or penis
lip/o
fat
liposuction
aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours
lumb/o
loins, lower back
macule
a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed
medi/o
middle
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
nevus
visual accumulation of melanocytes, creating a flat or raised rounded macule or papule with definite borders
nodule
a small, circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin
nucle/o
nucleus
onych/o
nails
onychocryptosis
ingrown nail
onycholysis
separation of a fingernail fro its bed, beginning at the free margin. This condition is associated with dermatitis of the hand, psoriasis and fungal infection
onychomycosis
any fungal infection of the nails
onycophagia
the habit of biting the nails
pachyderma
abnormal thickening of the skin
papule
a small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin
paronychia
inflammation of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail; also called run-around
pediculosis
infestation with lice
pelv/i
pelvis
petechia
small, purpleish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin
pil/o
hair
pilonidal cyst
a closed sac located in the sacrococcygeal area of the back and sometimes noted at birth as a dimple.
pimple
a papule or pustule of the skin
-plasm
living substance
polyp
a small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk
poster/o
back
proxim/o
near
pruritus
itching
psoriasis
a common, noninfectious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales over round, raised reddened plaques producing pruritus
purpura
a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes; small, pinpoint hemorrhages are known as petechia and larger hemmorrhagic areas are known as ecchymoses or bruises
pustule
a small elevation of the skin filled with pus; a small abscess
rosacea
a chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle third of the face
sacr/o
sacrum
SC
subcutaneous
scabies
a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite," resulting in a rash, pruritus, and a feeling in the skin of "something crawling"
scler/o
hard
scleroderma
a gradual thickening of the dermis and swelling of the hands and feet to a state in which the skin is anchored to the underlying tissue
seborrhea
excessive secretion of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales
seborrheic keratosis
appears as brown to waxy yellow wartlike lesion(s) 5 to 20 mm in diameter, loosely attached to the skin surface also known as senile warts
second degree burn
a burn that affects the epidermis and the dermis
skin biopsy
the removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis
skin graft
a process or placing tissue on a recipient site, taken from a donor site, in order to provide the protective mechanisms of skin to an area unable to regenerate skin
skin tags
a small, brownish or flesh colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck; also known as a cutaneous papilloma
SLE
Systemic lupus erythematosus
-some
"a body" of a specified type
spin/o
spine
squam/o
scales
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
a chronic, multisystem inflammatory connective tissue disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems, and vasculitis in which immune complexes are formed from the reaction of SLE autoantibodies and their corresponding antigens; these immune complexes are deposited in the connective tissues of lymphatic vessels, blood vessels, and other tissues
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
third degree burn
a burn that destroys both the epidermis and the dermis
thorac/o
chest
tinea
ringworm, a chronic fungal infection of the skin characterized by scaling, itching, and sometimes painful lesions
tinea capitis
ringworm of the scalp
tinea corporis
ringworm of the body
tinea cruris
ringworm of the groin also known as jock itch
tinea pedis
ringworm of the foot also known as athlete's foot
trich/o
hair
ulcer
a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
umbilic/o
navel
urticaria
a reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth, slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often accompanied by severe itching (pruritus)
UV
ultraviolet
ventr/o
belly, front side
verruca (a.k.a. wart)
a benign, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis; caused by the human papilloma virus
vertebr/o
vertebra
vesicle
a small, thin-walled, skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister
viscer/o
internal organs
vitiligo
a skin disorder characterized by nonpigmented white patches of skin of varying sizes that are surrounded by skin with normal pigmentation
wheal
a circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges; hives
whitehead
a closed comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle; the contents are not easily expressed
word element
meaning
xanth/o
yellow
xanthoderma
any yellow coloration of the skin
xer/o
dryness
xeroderma
a chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness
plane
imaginary slices made through the body at a particular angle and in a particular direction, permitting a view from a different direction
midsagittal plane
the plane that divides the body or a structure into right and left equal portions
midline
the imaginary "line" that is created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves
frontal plane
any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, perpendicular to the sagittal planes ad dividing the body into front and back portions
transverse plane
any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes dividing the body into superior and inferior portions
histologist
a medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
histology
the study of tissues
superficial
pertaining to the surface of the body, or near the surface
deep
away from the surface
anterior
pertaining to the front of the body, or toward the belly of the body
posterior
pertaining to the back of the body
ventral
of or pertaining to a position toward the belly of the body
dorsal
pertaining to the back or posterior
medial
toward the midline of the body
lateral
toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body
superior
above or upward toward the head
inferior
below or downward toward the tail or feet
cranial
pertaining to the head
caudal
pertaining to tail
distal
away from or farthest from the trunk
proximal
toward or nearest
supine
lying horizontally on the back
prone
lying facedown horizontally on the abdomen
supination
a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward and forward
pronation
a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn downward and backward
plantar
pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
dorsum
the back or posterior surface of a part
neoplasia
the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant
mediolateral
pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
hypoplasia
incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells
hyperplasia
an increase in the number of cells of a body part
dysplasia
any abnormal development of tissues or organs
cytology
the study of cells
aplasia
a development failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
anaplasia
a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form
ventral cavity
the body cavity near the front of the body that consists of the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
dorsal cavity
the body cavity near the back of the body that consists of the cranial and vertebral cavities
thoracic cavity
contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea
abdominal cavity
separated
pelvic cavity
contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
cranial cavity
contains the brain
spinal cavity
contains the nerves of spinal cord
left lingual region
lower left section of the abdomen
hypogastric region
lower middle section of the abdomen
right inguinal region
lower right section of the abdomen
left lumbar region
middle left section of the abdomen
umbilical region
middle section of the abdomen
right lumbar region
middle right section of the abdomen
lefty hypochondriac region
upper left section of the abdomen
epigastric region
upper middle section of the abdomen
right hypochondriac region
upper right section of the abdomen
Munro's point
located on the left side of the abdomen, halfway between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
McBurney's point
located on the right side of the abdomen, halfway between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip