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An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting


El Salvadorans have a saying: "The thief thinks everyone else is a thief." This most clearly relates to the defense mechanism of:

Reaction formation

Bryce often acts so daring and overly confident that few people realize he is actually riddled with unconscious insecurity and self-doubt. Bryce best illustrates the use of a defence mechanism known as:


Children who have witnessed a parent's murder report memories that most clearly challenge Sigmund Freud's concept of:

Free association

A psychotherapist instructs Dane to relax, close his eyes, and state aloud whatever thoughts come to mind no matter how trivial or absurd. The therapist is using a technique known as


Freud emphasized the id operates on the_______principle.

Positive self-concept

Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of:


Shari is a rather anxious person. Since she is so insecure, she frequently seeks out the reassurance of others. On which of the Big Five characteristics would shari likely score high?

Learned helplessness

After experiencing prolonged and seemingly inescapable physical abuse from her husband, Kayla became increasingly depressed and hopelessly resigned to her suffering. Her reaction bes illustrates:


Carl Rogers suggested that the______ is a central feature of personality.

Above average

Researchers have found that when asked to rate themselves on socially desirable dimensions such as how ethical they are or how hard they work most people rate themselves as:


A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of

Behaviours, internal personal factors, and environmental events

According to Bandura, reciprocal determinism involves multidirectional influences among

Open and Open

You decide to set up a dating service based on the Big Five principles of personality. You measure people for their personality types. Which of the following personality types would you think be the best match?

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