31 terms

English 12 - Terms and Devices

based on BC Canada curriculum
STUDY
PLAY
active voice
the subject performs the action expressed in the verb
allegory
A symbolic representation
alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds in two or more neighbouring words or syllables
allusion
An instance of indirect reference
analogy
A comparison of two different things that are alike in some way
antagonist
The principal character in opposition to the protagonist or hero of a narrative or drama.
anticlimax
A decrease in the importance of an event or saying
antithesis
Direct contrast; opposition
apostrophe
The direct address of an absent or imaginary person or of a personified abstraction
argumentative essay
an essay that shows the author's assertion (opinion, theory, hypothesis) about some phenomenon or phenomena is correct or more truthful than others'
anecdotal evidence
an informal account of evidence in the form of an anecdote or hearsay
archaic language
Words and phrases that were used regularly in a language, but are now less common;Such words and phrases are often used deliberately to refer to earlier times
aside
A piece of dialogue intended for the audience and supposedly not heard by the other actors on stage
assonance
Resemblance of sound, especially of the vowel sounds in words
atmosphere
The dominant tone or mood of a work of art
audience
the spectators or listeners assembled at a performance; The readership for printed matter, as for a book
autobiography
The biography of a person written by that person
ballad
a narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain
ballad stanza
aka quatrain; a four-line stanza and alternates tetrameter and trimeter and rhymes abxb.
bias
an unfair act or policy stemming from prejudice
biography
an account of a person's life written by another person
blank verse
verse consisting of unrhymed lines, usually of iambic pentameter.
cacophony
the use of harsh or discordant sounds in literary composition, as for poetic effect
caricature
a representation in which the subject's distinctive features were deliberately exaggerated to create a comic or grotesque effect
case study
a detailed intensive study of a unit that stresses factors contributing to its success or failure
catastrophe
the concluding action of a drama, esp. a classical tragedy, following the climax and containing the resolution of the plot
character
a person portrayed in an artistic piece, such as a drama or novel
characterization
representation of a character, esp. by imitating or describing actions, gestures, or speeches
character foil
a character who represents a sharp contrast with the protagonist and thus serves to stress and highlight the protagonists distinctive temperament
chorus
a group of people situated on the stage and commenting throughout the play on events and the characters' actions
chronological order
order arranged in or according to the order of time