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Chapter 2 Honors History Exam

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Hammurabi
What ruler was famous for a uniform code of laws that unified his empire?
Indus Valley
Which early civilization had the first carefully planned cities with sophisticated plumbing?
Fertile Crescent
What is the region in Southwest Asia where the first civilization arose?
Pictographs
In which form of writing did pictures stand for ideas?
Loess
What is a deposit of fertile, windblown soil called?
Pharaoh
Which ruler was considered to be both a king and a god?
Dynasty
What is a series of rulers that come from a single family?
Hieroglyphics
In which form of Egyptian writing did pictures stand for both ideas and sounds?
Polytheism
What is the belief in many gods?
Shang
Which kings consulted the gods through the use of oracle bones?
b. Indus seals were found in Sumer and Sumerian items in the Indus Valley.
How do we know that the people of the Indus Valley traded with the Sumerians?
a. The civilizations' boats were found in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea.
b. Indus seals were found in Sumer and Sumerian items in the Indus Valley.
c. Indus Valley plumbing tools were found in Sumer
d. Sumerian bronze artifacts were found in the Indus Valley ruins.
c. its written language has not yet been deciphered.
Why do we know so little about the Indus Valley civilization?
a. It existed for only a few hundred years.
b. there are few artifacts from the Indus Valley.
c. its written language has not yet been deciphered.
d. It existed in a part of the world that has been largely ignored.
A. Women could pursue careers and own property (CHECK THIS ANSWER, I AM NOT A 100% SURE)
What did Egyptian and Mesopotamian society have in common?
a. Women could pursue careers and own property.
b. These two early civilizations were run by women.
c. Children of both sexes were educated together.
d. All of the above are true.
b. by taking control of both northern and southern Mesopotamia (THIS ANSWER IS CORRECT)
How did Sargon of Akkad form the first empire?
a. by conquering the Indian subcontinent
b. by taking control of both northern and southern Mesopotamia
c. by invading Upper and Lower Egypt
d. by attacking central China from the north and the west
b. The Nile flooded at regular intervals, the Tigris and Euphrates flooded irregularly.
Why were Egyptian farmers more fortunate than the farmers of Mesopotamia?
a. The Tigris and Euphrates frequently changed course; the Nile didn't.
b. The Nile flooded at regular intervals, the Tigris and Euphrates flooded irregularly.
c. The Nile flowed north, the Tigris and Euphrates flowed southeast.
d. The Nile flooded more deeply than the Tigris and Euphrates
d. All of the above are true.
What did the pyramids show about the Old Kingdom dynasties of Egypt?
a. The leadership, economy, and government were strong.
b. They had access to a good supply of stone, both limestone and granite.
c. They had well-developed mathematical and engineering skills.
d. All of the above are true.
c. Cites were planned and had their own plumbing and sewage system.
Which of the following distinguished the cities of the Indus Valley?
a. Cities were constantly at war despite huge defensive structures.
b. Cities were laid down without thinking, forming a jumble of streets.
c. Cites were planned and had their own plumbing and sewage system.
d. cities were destroyed by invaders in horse-drawn chariots.
a. instead of maintaining Zhou control, it led to independent lords. (Trunko changed it because Feudalism is when individual lords have power and the rich and poor gap did not occur unit a later dynasty)
How did feudalism in China fail in the end to fulfill its original purpose?
a. instead of maintaining Zhou control, it led to independent lords.
b. Instead of protecting the lords, feudalism caused peasants to revolt.
c. Feudalism caused a gap between rich and poor, and this led to unrest.
d. Feudalism failed to maintain order when nomads invaded.
a. It developed from pictographs and could be read by other peoples.
What was a major advantage of the Chinese system of writing?
a. It developed from pictographs and could be read by other peoples.
b. People all over China could read; even if they spoke other languages.
c. The Chinese written language has changed very little since 200 B.C.
d. All readers need to know was a small number of pictographs.
c. It allowed new rulers to justify the overthrow of a declining dynasty.
How did the Mandate of Heaven affect government in China?
a. The Mandate of Heaven led to long periods of war among families
b. Religious leaders could read oracle bones to select new rulers.
c. It allowed new rulers to justify the overthrow of a declining dynasty.
d. All rulers received a direct mandate from heaven that he should resign.