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30 terms

A+ Hardware Chp 4-6

Chapter 4-6
1. Most cases have one or more positions on the case to hold a case fan to help draw air out of the case.
2. Electronic devices are more likely to fail than fans.
3. an overheated system can cause intermittent problems or cause the system to reboot or refuse to boot.
4. Excessive heat can damage the CPU and the motherboard.
5. If you hear two beeps during the boot and you see a blank screen, the BIOS has successfully completed the POST.
6. Intel's _____ allows each logical processor within the processor package to handle an individual thread in parallel with other threads being handled by other processors with the package.
7. ______ hold counters, data, instructions, and addresses that the ALU is currently processing.
8. Installing more than one processor on a motherboard creates a ________.
multiprocessor platform
9. The cooler sits on top of the processor and consists of a fan and a heat _______, which are fins that draw heat away form the processor.
10. A ______ is a heat sink carrying an electrical charge that causes it to act as an electrical thermal transfer device.
1. A simple problem of replacing a bad memory module can become a complex research project if you don't nave a good grasp of current and past memory technologies.
2. Systems using RIMMs are still being used.
3. Mixing unbuffered memory with buffered or registered memory will work but is not recommended.
4. Most often, placing memory on the motherboard and updating the BIOS manually is all that is necessary for installation.
5. For most SIMMs, the module slides into the slot at an angle.
6. RAM is divided into two categories, _______.
7. RAM on motherboards today is stored on _______.
8. A(n) _______ gets its name because it has independent pins on the opposite sides of the module.
9. A Rambus memory module is called a(n) ________.
10. Simms are rated by speed, measured in _______.
1. A hard disk drive (HDD) , most often called a hard drive, comes in two sizes for personal computers; the 1.8" size is used for laptop computers and the 2.5" size is used for desktops.
2. Solid state hard drives cost more and are less rugged than magnetic hard drives.
3. Almost all hard drives sold today for desktop computers are magnetic hard drives.
4. If you are replacing a floppy drive, you must inform BIOS setup by accessing setup and changing the drive type.
5. Hardware problems usually show up at POST, unless there is physical damage to an are of the hard drive that is not accessed during POST.
6. A ______ dive has one, two, or more platters, or disks, that stack together and spin in unison inside a sealed metal housing that contains firmware to control reading and writing data to the drive and to communicate with the motherboard.
magnetic hard
7. The top and bottom of each disk of a magnetic hard drive have a(n) ______ that move across the disk surface as all the disks rotate on a spindle.
read/write head
8. Each side, or surface, of one hard drive platter is called a _______.
9. The total number of _______ on the drive determines the drive capacity.
10. ______ on a circuit board inside the drive housing is responsible for writing and reading data to these tracks and sectors and for keeping track of where everything is stored on the drive.