white man's burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other weaker countries politically, socially, and economically.
Belief that one racial group is superior to another and use discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
Serbian nationalist/terrorist group responsible for the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand which resulted in the start of World War I.
The alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Allies
The alliance of Great Britain, France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons America decided to join the war.
Treaty of Kanagawa
An agreement by Japan with America, that Japan would open two ports to trade with the U.S. and would help shipwrecked U.S. sailors
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British Troops.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip of Serbian nationalist group the "Black Hand". His assassination started WWI
A telegram Germany sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. attacked Germany
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
The agreement between Germany and the US that said that Germany would sink no more merchant ships without warning
Gardens that citizens planted to raise their own vegetables, so that food could be sent to the troops.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Sphere of Influence
An area within a country in which a foreign power has special trading rights and privileges
Nickname for the African American members of the 9th and 10th cavalries during the Spanish-American war
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility
President Taft's policy of promoting U. S. Interests overseas by encouraging American business to invest in foreign countries, particularly in the Caribbean and Central America.
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
Harlem Hell Fighters
The African American infantry unit that fought with the French Army in World War I
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which penalized Germany for their participation in the war
The ability of a government to determine their own government and course of their own free will