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44 terms

World War I

STUDY
PLAY
isolationism
a policy of non-participation in foreign countries' economic and political relations
white man's burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other weaker countries politically, socially, and economically.
racism
Belief that one racial group is superior to another and use discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
expansionism
the doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country
nationalism
extreme pride and love of ones country and willingness to sacrifice for it
militarism
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
kaiser
a German Emperor
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
black hand
Serbian nationalist/terrorist group responsible for the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand which resulted in the start of World War I.
Central Powers
The alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Allies
Allies
The alliance of Great Britain, France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
Stalemate
Deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
Lusitania
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons America decided to join the war.
Annex
To take over
Treaty of Kanagawa
An agreement by Japan with America, that Japan would open two ports to trade with the U.S. and would help shipwrecked U.S. sailors
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British Troops.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip of Serbian nationalist group the "Black Hand". His assassination started WWI
Pacifist
One who is against war or the use of violence
Zimmerman Telegram
A telegram Germany sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. attacked Germany
Czar
Russian emperor
Woodrow Wilson
U.S. President, who led the U.S. into WWI.
Warmonger
A person who advocates war or warlike policies and/or tries to stir up war
Draft
The selection of persons for required military service
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
Sussex Pledge
The agreement between Germany and the US that said that Germany would sink no more merchant ships without warning
Victory Gardens
Gardens that citizens planted to raise their own vegetables, so that food could be sent to the troops.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Sphere of Influence
An area within a country in which a foreign power has special trading rights and privileges
Maine
A ship that exploded in Havana harbor, was sent to Cuba to protect American citizens
Buffalo Soldiers
Nickname for the African American members of the 9th and 10th cavalries during the Spanish-American war
Platt Amendment
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Monroe Doctrine
President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility
Dollar Diplomacy
President Taft's policy of promoting U. S. Interests overseas by encouraging American business to invest in foreign countries, particularly in the Caribbean and Central America.
Moral Diplomacy
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
Bureaucracy
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
Harlem Hell Fighters
The African American infantry unit that fought with the French Army in World War I
Armistice
An agreement to stop fighting
Abdicate
To formally give up power
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which penalized Germany for their participation in the war
Fourteen Points
President Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I
Self-Determination
The ability of a government to determine their own government and course of their own free will
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
1918 treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.