florida DMV drivers permit test study guide
Terms in this set (109)
When an emergency vehicle approaches from in front or behind you, what should you do?
Pull over to the right and stop
average perception time for an alert driver is _________________
¾ second to 1 second.
Tap your horn (day) or flash
your headlights (night) to let the other driver know you are doing this driving maneuver
You must activate your signal this far
before moving into the left lane
to let others know that you are
about to change lanes or to pass.
truck or any vehicle towing
another vehicle must not follow
within this distance of another truck
or vehicle towing a vehicle. This
law does not apply to overtaking
and passing, and it does not apply
within cities or towns.
On a two-lane highway you must
always drive in the right lane unless
you are doing this
overtaking / passing
If your vehicle is being followed too
closely, do this
slow down and keep to the
(Emergency vehicles) It is
against the law to follow a
fire truck responding to a fire
alarm closer than ________________
Keep a minimum following distance of
_____ seconds during normal weather
and traffic conditions. (Increase
following distance during unusual
weather or traffic conditions.)
The law says who must
yield (give up) the right-of-way. Every
driver, motorcyclist, moped rider,
bicyclist, and pedestrian must do
everything possible to...
avoid a crash
THIS IS IMPORTANT - always remember that the driver on the ____ yields to
the driver on the ____
always start and finish your turn within the same ____
what is Reaction Distance?
how far you will continue to travel after seeing the
hazard until you physically hit the brakes / the distance your vehicle travels while you react
Perception Distance: how far your vehicle travels—in good weather
conditions—from the time your eyes see a hazard until your brain
Yield to bicyclists when crossing
a bike lane and to pedestrians
who may be crossing your path.
turn hand signals
• You must give a turn signal for
at least 100 feet
make your turn.
• Double your speed from 20 to 40 MPH, the braking distance and
impact are 4 times greater.
• Triple the speed from 20 to 60 MPH, the braking distance and impact
are 9 times greater. (Stopping distance is equal to a football field.)
• Quadruple your speed from 20 to 80 MPH, the braking distance and
impact are 16 times greater.
The average driver has a reaction
time of ¾ second to 1 second. At 50 MPH, this accounts for 55 feet
Braking Distance: how far your vehicle will travel—in good weather
conditions— while you are braking. At 50 MPH, on dry pavement and
with good brakes, it can take about 158 feet.
highways, when the posted speed limit is 70 MPH, the minimum speed
limit is 50 MPH.
braking distance p28
At least one rear-view mirror with view ___ feet to the rear.
what is the speed limit of a business area or residential area
Show objects 450 feet ahead. Visible from 1,000 feet
high beam headlights
In an emergency situation, what do you do w abs brakes
ABS need to press down hard on the
brake pedal, hold it, and steer out of
danger. In an emergency situation,
the ABS automatically pumps
the brakes at a faster rate than the
You must use a _______________ when hauling loads which
could fall or blow onto the
roadway (e.g., dirt, sand, gravel)
Every truck carrying logs or
pulpwood must use __________
to securely fasten the load.
you must have a __________ at least 12
inches square attached to it (drawbar or towning connection) if it
is chain, rope, or cable.
On long trips, take a break every 100 miles or 2 hours
Florida Law states that a driver must move out of the left lane when being
overtaken from behind by another vehicle traveling at a higher rate of speed.
Florida law requires that all drivers,
all front seat passengers, and all
passengers under the age of 18
wear seat belts.* Children under
age 4 must be in a safety seat, and
children ages 4 and 5 must be in
either a safety seat or a booster seat.
Drivers will be charged with a seat
belt/child restraint violation if any
passenger under the age of 18 is not
restrained with the proper seat belt
or child restraint device. Passengers
18 years old or older will be charged
with the violation if they fail to wear
a seat belt when required by law.
Do not stop
on the railroad tracks or within 15 feet of the crossing.
• Warning—the light is changing to red.
• Stop if you can safely do so. It is extremely dangerous to
be in an intersection when the light turns red.
If a traffic signal is out of order,
treat the light/intersection as a four-way stop sign
traffic sign colors p 15
Right-of-way rules tells motorists, pedestrians, and bicyclists who
goes first and who must wait in different traffic situations. The laws
say who must yield (give up) the right-of-way.
When you double the speed of a car, you increase its force of impact
• When you triple the speed of a car, you increase its force of impact
law states that a parent, legal guardian, or other person responsible for a
child younger than 6 years of age must not leave the child unattended or
unsupervised in a motor vehicle for a period in excess of 15 minutes or for
any period of time if the motor of the vehicle is running, the health of
the child is in danger, or the child appears to be in distress
of this law is a second degree misdemeanor
a violation that causes great
bodily harm, permanent disability, or permanent disfigurement to a child is
considered a third degree felony.
School Zones 20 MPH
Municipal, Business, or Residential Area 30 MPH*
Streets and Highways 55 MPH*
Rural Interstate 70 MPH**
Limited Access Highways (see definition pg. 34) 70 MPH
*maximum speed except where otherwise posted.
**on some rural Interstate highways
The safest speed is the one that allows
you to have complete control of your vehicle and avoid collisions.
Speed limits show the fastest speed you may drive under ideal conditions.
School buses purchased new
prior to December 31, 2000.
you dont have to wear a seatbelt if...
Some exemptions apply to cars manufactured prior to 1968 and trucks prior to 1972
If another driver is threatening you
or intentionally driving dangerously
around you, remain calm and try
to put as much distance between
you and them as possible. Slow
down and let them pass.† Do not
make eye contact; do not make
obscene gestures. If you need help,
347) or 911.
A load that extends beyond the sides
of a vehicle and more than four feet
or more beyond its rear must be
clearly marked. During the day, red
flags at least 18 inches square must
mark the extremities of the load.
Farm vehicles designed for operation
at speeds less than 25
MPH must display this
sign on the rear when
using public highways
(not limited access/interstates). Also,
these vehicles must only be operated
during daylight hours unless
equipped with the proper lights/
reflectors required for night driving
If the trailer or motor vehicle is
transporting logs, pulpwood, poles,
or posts that extend more than four
feet beyond the rear of the load, you
must have one amber strobe-type
lamp equipped so that the lamp is
visible from the rear and both sides
of the projecting load. The lamp
must be operational and seen any
time of day or night.
if you dont have abs brakes (conventional) and you need to stop quickly, what do you do?
you pump the brakes hard and fast
Show objects 150 feet ahead. Visible from 1,000 feet
low beam headlights
the speed limit of interstates
What checks should you do before you start to drive?
ll passengers are wearing seatbelts
Remove loose objects inside the car that could cause injury in an accident
What should you do if an oncoming car has its high-beam lights on?
Flash your high-beams once or twice to signal to them to turn them off
What should you do if you start to hydroplane?
Steer straight and ease your foot off the gas
Green signs are reserved for what?
Points of geographic interest
Locations and distances
What should you do when a traffic light turns yellow?
Stop if you can do so safely
Proceed through if you are in the intersection
What should you do to stop quickly if your car does not have an antilock braking system (ABS)?
Apply the brakes as hard as you can without locking them until the car stops skidding.
what does it mean if there is both a solid and a dashed yellow line?
You may not pass if the solid yellow line is on your side
A pedestrian with a white cane signifies what?
The person is blind
What is the "two-second" rule?
The amount of time you should allow between you and another vehicle to avoid rear-end collisions
When is it safe to return to the right-hand lane after passing another vehicle?
When you see the tires of the other vehicle in your rearview mirror
What is the "No-Zone?"
The blind spots on the right, left, front and behind a truck or large vehicle where drivers can't see you
Who has the right of way in Florida?
No one. The law only states who must yield in any given situation.
What are the three parts of an expressway entrance?
Entrance ramp, acceleration lane, merging area
Under what conditions will your driver's license be revoked?
Driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs or other controlled substances; Three cases of reckless driving in one year; Racing on the highway; Failing to stop to give help when the vehicle you're driving causes death or injury.
What is the first thing impaired in a driver who has been drinking alcohol?
You must obtain a new license showing your new address within how many days after moving?
What would happen to the license of a driver who was involved in an accident and did not stop to help the persons who were injured?
The license will be revoked
What locations are you never allowed to park?
On a sidewalk or crosswalk; Within 20 feet of an intersection; Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant; On any bridge or overpass
Who will be charged with the violation if a 15 year old back seat passenger is not wearing a seat belt?
The driver of the vehicle
What lights are required on your car?
Two red tail lights, mounted on the rear; A white light that makes the license plate visible from 50 feet; Two headlights with high beam and low beam settings; Two red stoplights. They must be seen from 300 feet in the daytime, and must come on when the foot brake is pressed.
What should you do if you hit a parked vehicle?
Try to find the owner of the vehicle or leave a note where the owner can find it with your contact information
Are you responsible for letting an unlicensed person drive your vehicle?
Yes, you could go to jail or be made to pay a fine and you are responsible for any accidents or property damage
What is the penalty for receiving 12 penalty points within 12 months of driving?
30 days suspension of drivers license
What should you do if you are taking medications (prescription or over the counter) while driving?
Check label for warnings about effects or ask doctor or pharmacist about side effects if you are unsure
What two laws in Florida cover the auto insurance requirements for licensed FL drivers?
No fault law and the financial responsibility law
Who provides you with a Florida Insurance ID card?
Your car insurance company
If you fail to answer a traffic summons, what might happen?
Your license may not be renewed.
What are the penalties for offering a false name on any motor vehicle license application?
Third degree felony
Is it illegal in Florida to leave your keys in your car when parked?
Yes, it is illegal
Which of the following are appropriate defensive driving techniques to use if you are about to be involved in a crash?
Try to hit a vehicle moving in the same direction as you are instead of hitting a vehicle head-on; Swerve right instead of toward oncoming traffic; Try to drive off the road rather than skid off; Hit something that is not moving instead of a vehicle moving toward you
What must you do if you approach a roundabout?
Slow down and yield to traffic already in the circle
Is it legally required that you use a seatbelt while in the front seat?
Yes, both the driver and front-seat passenger are required use a seatbelt
What is the standard speed limit on rural interstates in Florida?
Must you always drive at the speed limit?
No, the speed limit just indicates how fast you're allowed to drive under favorable road conditions
What is the standard speed limit in business and residential areas in Florida?
When two cars reach an open intersection at the same time, which must yield?
The driver of the left yields to the driver on the right
What must you do if you are entering a road from a driveway, alley, or roadside?
Yield to pedestrians on the main road; Yield to vehicles already on the main road
What is the hand signal for a right turn?
Put left hand and arm up, keeping hand arm still
When passing a truck on the highway, what does it mean when the driver blinks the front headlights?
You can safely re-enter the right lane
What is the "two-second rule"?
The amount of time you should allow between you and another vehicle for safety
When parking on a hill with a curb facing downhill, in what direction should the wheels of your vehicle be facing?
Toward the curb
What should you do to avoid being blinded by the glare of approaching headlights?
Look at the right edge of the highway until the lights are gone
Should you use your high-beam bright lights when driving in smoky or foggy conditions?
No, low beams won't cause glare or reflection that could impair visibility
What should you do if your brakes are wet?
Drive slowly in low gear while applying brakes
What does a flashing yellow light mean?
Proceed with caution
What does a yellow "X" posted above a lane mean?
Lane signal is about to change to red, change lanes as soon as possible
What are examples of loads that must be covered to avoid items falling or blowing on the roadway?
Gravel; Trash; Sand
What does a double solid white line mean?
Separates two lanes of traffic going in the same direction. Crossing the lines is prohibited
Which class of license- A,B,C, or E- is intended for non-commercial driving?
When is it OK to share a lane with a motorcycle?
It is never OK to share a lane with a motorcycle.
When is a television in a car legal?
It is legal to have a television where the driver cannot see it
What should you do if your right wheels go off the pavement?
Take your foot off the gas, steer in a straight line, brake lightly, and turn back onto the pavement at a slow speed
What does a solid yellow line on your side of the center of the road mean?
Cars on the other side of the line can cross it to pass you. You can cross the line to turn left only when it is safe to do so. You cannot cross the line to pass another vehicle
In which of the following areas is parking not allowed?
Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant; On a bridge, overpass or tunnel; On the sidewalk; In front of a driveway
If a school bus stops to unload children on a four-lane highway divided only by a four-foot paved strip, must vehicles traveling in the opposite direction stop?
To what ages does the Child Restraint Law apply in Florida?
5 years of age and younger
What does a yellow curb mean?
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